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Brexit: Do I really have to give up my British passport to become Spanish?

Brexit has caused many Brits in Spain to seriously think about applying for Spanish nationality in order to secure citizenship as a European and guarantee their rights to live in the European Union.

Brexit: Do I really have to give up my British passport to become Spanish?
Photo: Anthony WALLACE/AFP

Only those who have been resident in Spain for ten years qualify for nationality and it is compulsory to pass both a language and cultural citizenship test.

The process is long as there is currently a backlog in applications but there is also a big stumbling block that is putting off many Brits from applying.

But you can read all about doing that here: 

Spain does not recognise dual nationality with the UK

Researchers studying the impact of Brexit ion Britons living in the EU have told The Local that the number of Brits applying for Spanish nationality is well below the number of those applying for French nationality. They believe one of the main blocking points is the fact Spain does not allow for dual nationality with the UK.

Spain only allows dual nationality with countries with which it has a specific connection: Ibero-American countries, Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea and Portugal and for those who have applied using their Sephardic Jewish heritage.

Legally speaking, Britons applying for Spanish nationality therefore need to renounce their UK nationality

But what does this mean? Are applicants forced to hand over their British passport when they accept Spanish citizenship? Can you still use your British passport?

We attempt to clear up these questions once and for all.

What happens when you are granted Spanish nationality?

After you have passed the language test and cultural citizenship test, have successfully gathered all the legal paperwork and met the critieria then you will be informed (often up to three years after the start of the process) that your citizenship application has been successful.

You will have taken all your paperwork to the Civil Registry for the “prejura” for approval and a short while later (anywhere between weeks and months) you will have an appointment infront of a judge to swear allegiance to the Spanish constitution.

This final step is when you are asked by the judge to renounce your British nationality.

However, at no point will you be requested to physically hand over your British passport so it will remain in your possession.

So once a Brit, always a Brit?

As far as the British government is concerned you have not renounced your British nationality and will continue with the right to hold a British passport and apply for a new once your current passport expires.

In order to officially renounce your British passport with the UK authorities you must go through a process which involves an application and paying a fee of €372 and at no point are you required to prove this to the Spanish authorities.

The British Embassy has this to say on the matter:

“Dual citizenship (also known as dual nationality) is allowed in the UK. This means you can be a British citizen and also a citizen of other countries,” said a spokesman from the embassy in Madrid.

“You can apply for foreign citizenship and keep your British citizenship. However, many countries do not accept dual citizenship. Spain only recognises dual citizenship with a select number of countries who are judged to fulfil the requirement set out in the Spanish constitution of having ‘a close/special relationship with Spain’ e.g. Latin American countries that were previously under Spanish rule. It does not recognise dual citizenship with the UK.”

Photo: Damien MEYER / AFP

It’s just symbolic then?

Yes and no. There are legal ramifications if the Spanish authorities find out that you are continuing to use your British nationality.

“Spanish nationals who are not nationals by origin (for example, those who have acquired Spanish nationality by residence) shall lose their Spanish nationality if after acquiring Spanish nationality, they use the nationality they had renounced in order to acquire Spanish nationality, for a period of three years,” it states on the Spanish Foreign Office website.

That means that once you have been granted Spanish nationality you  must apply for a Spanish passport and use this when travelling, rather than your British one.

You should use your Spanish passport for all travel, including when you make airline reservations, to avoid the risk of being caught by Spanish authorities using your British one.

It also means that you could lose Spanish citizenship if you decided to return to the UK for a period of time to live there, for example to care for elderly parents, and then wanted to move back to Spain.

So when in Spain, you can’t claim to be British?

Those who have been granted Spanish citizenship can not legally claim to be British when in Spain. So, if you get in trouble with the law for example,  you won’t be allowed to call assistance from the British Embassy.

“Applying for Spanish nationality is a personal choice and not something the UK government can comment on,” insisted a spokesman from the British Embassy when The Local asked for clarification.  “We do, however, urge people to consider any implications this may have for them, as they will only be considered Spanish in Spain; although they would be considered a dual national in the UK. We recommend seeking professional legal advice before making the decision.”

Campaign for dual nationality

Since the Brexit vote, there has been a campaign to urge the Spanish governement to allow dual nationality for Brits who are eligible for citizenship in Spain putting them on an equal footing with Spaniards able to get citizenship in the UK.


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BREXIT: Spain and EU suggest removing Gibraltar border

Madrid and Brussels have approached the British government with a proposal for removing the border fence between Spain and Gibraltar in order to ease freedom of movement, Spain's top diplomat said Friday.

BREXIT: Spain and EU suggest removing Gibraltar border

“The text presented to the United Kingdom is a comprehensive proposal that includes provisions on mobility with the aim of removing the border fence and guaranteeing freedom of movement,” Foreign Minister José Manuel Albares said, according to a ministry statement.

Such a move would make Spain, as representative of Europe’s passport-free Schengen zone, “responsible for controlling Gibraltar’s external borders”, it said.

The Schengen Area allows people to move freely across the internal borders of 26 member states, four of which are not part of the EU.

There was no immediate response from London.

A tiny British enclave at Spain’s southern tip, Gibraltar’s economy provides a lifeline for some 15,000 people who cross in and out to work every day.

Most are Spanish and live in the impoverished neighbouring city of La Línea.

Although Brexit threw Gibraltar’s future into question, raising fears it would create a new “hard border” with the EU, negotiators reached a landmark deal for it to benefit from the rules of the Schengen zone just hours before Britain’s departure on January 1, 2021.

Details of the agreement have yet to be settled.

With a land area of just 6.8 square kilometres (2.6 square miles), Gibraltar is entirely dependent on imports to supply its 34,000 residents and the deal was crucial to avoid slowing cross-border goods trade with new customs procedures.

Albares said the proposal would mean Madrid “taking on a monitoring and protection role on behalf of the EU with regards to the internal market with the removal of the customs border control” between Spain and Gibraltar.

The deal would “guarantee the free movement of goods between the EU and Gibraltar” while guaranteeing respect for fair competition, meaning businesses in the enclave would “compete under similar conditions to those of other EU operators, notably those in the surrounding area”.

Although Spain ceded Gibraltar to Britain in 1713, Madrid has long wanted it back in a thorny dispute that has for decades involved pressure on the frontier.

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