China launches anti-dumping probe into pork imports from Spain

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China launches anti-dumping probe into pork imports from Spain
(Photo by Bertha WANG / AFP)

China said Monday it had launched an anti-dumping investigation into pork imports from the EU and Spain in particular (as it's the bloc's largest exporter of pork to China), the latest step in a mounting trade stand-off.


Pork is China's most popular meat and a staple of diets in the world's second most populous nation.

Imports of pork and pork by-products from EU nations totalled over three billion dollars last year, Beijing's customs data showed.

Monday's probe is in response to an application submitted by a local trade grouping on behalf of domestic producers, Beijing said.


"The Ministry of Commerce has opened an anti-dumping investigation into imports of relevant pork and pig by-products originating from the European Union," the ministry said in a statement.

It follows the bloc's decision last week to slap additional tariffs of up to 38 percent on Chinese electric car imports from next month after an anti-subsidy probe.

The European Commission pointed to "unfair subsidisation" in China, which it said "is causing a threat of economic injury" to EU electric car makers.

The European Commission has proposed provisional hikes of tariffs on Chinese manufacturers of 17.4 percent for market major BYD, 20 percent for Geely and 38.1 percent for SAIC.

The EU said the amount depended on the level of state subsidies received by the firms.

Beijing warned the tariffs would "harm Europe's own interests" and condemned the bloc's "protectionism".

And it has ramped up threats that Beijing could target EU exports, including pork and dairy products, in the wake of the tariff announcement.

Spain is the EU's largest exporter of pork and pork by-products to China, data showed.

According to data from the sector's association in Spain Interporc, the Iberian nation  exported more than 560,000 tonnes of pork to China worth more than €1.2 billion in 2023.


Almost 21 percent of China's total pork imports come from Spain, above the volume it buys from the United States, Brazil, the Netherlands and Canada.

Beijing launched an anti-dumping investigation in January into brandy imported from the EU in a move seen as targeting France, which had pushed for the commission's probe.

It also launched an anti-dumping investigation in May into imports of a key engineering chemical from the EU, the United States, Taiwan and Japan.

Its commerce ministry said last week that domestic industries "have the right" to request probes into imports to "protect their own legitimate rights and interests".

Beijing also said last week it "reserves the right" to file a suit with the World Trade Organization over planned new EU tariffs.

Germany's economy minister Robert Habeck will visit China this week, with a spokesman saying he "will not be able to avoid addressing" the topic of tariffs.



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