How masks became an integral part of life Spain  

Now that masks are for the most part no longer mandatory in Spain, we take a look back at how they've shaped Spaniards' habits, their budgets and even their wardrobes.

masks on the beach
Masks on the beach in Spain; we've come a long way since the early days of mask wearing. Photo: Josep LAGO / AFP

Since Wednesday April 20th, face masks are no longer mandatory in most indoor public spaces in Spain.

It’s a surreal feeling of personal choice for people who live in Spain after 700 days of mandatory face coverings.

Masks have formed part of life in the country since the very beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, and two years on, they’ve become an integral part of life in Spain.

READ ALSO: Is Spain ready to get rid of masks indoors?

They were once the most sought-after product in Spain 

At the start of the pandemic, masks became the most sought-after products in the country and they were almost impossible to get your hands on. In February 2020, even before the first deaths from Covid-19 demand in pharmacies multiplied by 8,000 and those who searched online found the surgical ones brought from China would take months to arrive. People had to make do with bandanas and rudimentary homemade ones made from cloth material.

Businesses popped up online or through hearsay which saw money-hungry sellers pricing a single mask at €7 or higher.

Masks became so sought-after that people even started producing fake ones. At the beginning of 2021, Spanish police said they seized around four million counterfeit medical-grade face masks at a hotel during a raid in Madrid.

Overall, the average person in Spain has spent €700 on face masks in the last two years, and those who’ve opted for FFP2 ones, have coughed up €1,515 on average, according to Spanish consumer watchdog OCU.

They’ve changed the way Spaniards greet each other 

One of the biggest ways in which masks changed Spanish culture was the way many people started greeting each other. Kissing on each cheek and hugging no longer became socially acceptable for many and masks acted as barriers between people. Spaniards resorted to bumping elbows, simple waves or other ways of greeting instead. People who like their personal space to be respected are now calling for the two-kiss tradition to not return.

Elbow bump

Spaniards greet each other by bumping elbows, instead of kissing. Photo: MIGUEL RIOPA / AFP

They’ve become the standout litter in Spanish streets

Cigarette butts and cans may have been the most common type of litter in Spanish streets a couple of years ago, but nowadays it’s masks that ungracefully decorate sidewalks in the country. According to the European Agency for the Environment (AEMA), the environmental and climatic impacts of the increase in disposable masks have been huge. In 2020 alone, at least 1.56 billion masks ended up in the sea.

According to Spanish NGO Fundación Ecomar, millions of face masks have ended up in the sea. Photo: Roslan RAHMAN/AFP

Forgetting your mask at home became a real pain

Until recently if you accidentally left home without a mask, it could end up being pretty much impossible to do anything. You weren’t allowed on public transport, you couldn’t walk into restaurants or shops, or attend any events. In fact, remembering a mask became just as important as making sure sure you have your wallet, keys or mobile when you left the house.

They became a fashion accessory

Masks even became a fashion symbol in Spain, with many ditching the plain blue or black medical masks and opting for material ones emblazoned with funky designs and images. Masks became decorated with everything from cartoon characters for kids to sequins for people heading out on the town and even horror masks with scary clown or Joker faces.

The creative zeal of businesses was so relentless that Spanish authorities had to toughen requirements for the manufacture and sale of face masks, as many masks weren’t doing the actual job they were meant for.

Frida Kahlo face mask

Face masks became a fashion symbol. Photo: Claudio CRUZ / AFP

They became political and social labels

Not only did masks serve as a fashion statement, they became a political one too. Many across Spain decided to reflect their political affiliations right across their face coverings. Right-wing nationalists wore military green ones with the Spanish flag, while Catalan independentistas (those who want independence) wore ones with the Senyera Catalan flag.

Spaniards also began to label themselves as mask wearers on social media, writing (masked) in brackets after the name. This was particularly common on social platforms such as MeetUp, where people would organise activities to meet new friends.

Galician face mask

Two women wearing face masks with the Galician nationalist flag take part in a demonstration. Photo: MIGUEL RIOPA / AFP

They became a way of judging others’ behaviour

Throughout the pandemic, Spaniards have – often unknowingly – judged others based on whether they were wearing a mask or not, or even if they were wearing one correctly. For many, not wearing one or having the nose outside of the mask was akin to being socially irresponsible.

When infection rates dropped, TV reports would blame young people and their maskless partying for the rise in cases. In the worst cases, fights broke out on public transport between passengers who reprimanded others for not wearing a mask.

Not wearing one became a crime

Throughout Spain, during the two states of alarm more than 1.3 million fines were imposed and around half of these were for not wearing a mask. The fines ranged between €100 and €6,000. There were also reports of some of Spanish society’s most rebellious individuals being arrested for refusing to mask up.

A municipal police officer on patrol for face mask warnings gives a fine to a e-scooter rider without a mask on in 2020. (Photo by LLUIS GENE / AFP)

In the summer of 2020, the Andalusian Government even hired 3,000 ‘informants’ to travel its 1,000 kilometres of coastline and denounce bathers who were not wearing a mask, even when they were alone.

They caused young Spaniards to have less face-to-face contact

After exactly 700 days of having to wear a mask indoors in Spain, many young children have spent more than half their lives looking at and interacting with people wearing masks.

According to the hospital group HM Hospitales, the use of masks has caused a 20 percent increase in consultations for children’s speech problems in Spain. Mask rules have also seen an increase in síndrome de la cara vacía or mask-fishing among teens – a phobia or feeling of anxiety by exposing your face and taking off your mask.  

Kids face masks

Up until today, students have had to wear masks in the classroom every day. Photo: Josep LAGO / AFP

It’s a love/hate relationship Spaniards have with masks

Even after outdoor mask-wearing rules were lifted in Spain, many continued (and still continue) to wear mascarillas outside, whether because they’ve grown attached to them, they want to make sure they protect themselves and others, or they just think mask wearing isn’t such a big deal in the context of a pandemic.

In fact, mask wearing in Spain has become almost robotic and many just wear one all the time without thinking, regardless of what situation they’re in. You may see Spaniards wearing masks while hiking in the countryside, far away from others or sitting on a park bench on their own with no one else around.

But apart from this habit becoming ingrained into people’s brains, Spaniards’ affinity for mask wearing also symbolises how they have treated the pandemic with more caution than other nations, and that putting others – especially the older generation – before personal freedoms with something as simple as wearing a mask isn’t such a tall ask.

Member comments

  1. For 99.9% of the people masks did nothing… At least the cloth masks, or the surgical ones that were not properly fitted. But performative theater made us all feel better for a while. Also the little fascists in us got to tell people what to do and ordered them around. Good times….

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TRAVEL: Spain extends ban on unvaccinated non-EU tourists

Britons, Americans and other non-EU/Schengen travellers who are neither vaccinated nor recently recovered from Covid-19 will not be able to visit Spain for tourism for at least another month, Spanish authorities have confirmed.

TRAVEL: Spain extends ban on unvaccinated non-EU tourists

The Spanish government has again extended temporary restrictions for non-essential travel (including tourism) from most third countries for another month, until June 15th 2022.

That means that non-EU/Schengen adults who reside outside of the EU and who haven’t been fully vaccinated against Covid-19 or recovered from the illness in the past six months cannot go on holiday to Spain during the next month. 

Therefore, Spain continues to not accept negative Covid-19 tests from British, American, Canadian, Indian or other third-country nationals who are neither vaccinated nor recently recovered. 

There had been hopes that the shorter two-week extension to the ban on non-essential travel issued on April 30th, as well as talk of the “orderly and progressive reopening” of the country’s borders, would mean that unvaccinated third country nationals would be allowed into Spain in May.

But in the end, Saturday May 14th’s state bulletin confirmed that Spain will keep the same measures in place for another 31 days, stating that they “will eventually be modified to respond to a change of circumstances or to new recommendations in the context of the European Union”.

Spain’s ban on unvaccinated non-EU travellers is arguably the last major Covid-19 restriction in place in the country, and other EU countries such as Sweden, Poland, Denmark, Czech Republic and Ireland are allowing unvaccinated tourists in.

This latest announcement by the Spanish government marks the umpteenth extension to non-essential travel from outside of the EU/Schengen area over the past two years of the pandemic, the previous one was due to expire on May 15th. 

But perhaps this extension is the most surprising, as the Spanish health ministry has modified its rulebook to treat Covid-19 like the flu and the country wants to recover the tourism numbers it had pre-pandemic.

The ban affects unvaccinated British tourists in particular, as the UK is still the biggest tourism market for Spain, but Britons’ non-EU status means they have to follow the same Covid-19 travel rules as other third-country nationals.

Vaccinated or recovered third-country travellers

Those who were fully vaccinated against Covid-19 more than two weeks prior to travel to Spain will need to show a valid vaccination certificate with an EMA or WHO approved vaccine.

If their initial vaccination treatment was completed more than 9 months ago (270 days), they’ll need to show they’ve had a Covid-19 booster shot. 

As for non-EU/Schengen travellers who have recovered from Covid-19 in the past six months, they will need to show a recovery certificate to prove this

According to Spain’s Health Ministry, recovery certificates accepted as valid are those “issued at least 11 days after the first positive NAAT or RAT, and up to a maximum of 180 days after the date of sampling”, as well as being issued by the relevant authorities.


In early February, Spanish authorities also decided to start allowing unvaccinated non-EU/Schengen teenagers aged 12 to 17 to visit Spain for tourism if they provided a negative PCR.

Spain continues to have a small list of low-risk third countries whose travellers visiting Spain for non-essential reasons can enter without having to present proof of Covid-19 testing, recovery or vaccination. 

This is updated weekly and can be checked here by clicking on the PDF under “risk and high risk countries/areas”. 

READ ALSO: Can I travel to my second home in Spain if I’m not vaccinated?

If you’re not vaccinated or recovered, the exceptions for travel to Spain from third countries that fall under the non-essential travel restrictions are:

  • You are a resident in the EU or Schengen country.
  • You have a visa for a long duration stay in an EU or Schengen country.
  • You work in transport, such as airline staff or are in a maritime profession.
  • You work in diplomatic, consular, international organisations, military or civil protection or are a member of a humanitarian organisation.
  • You have a student visa for a country in the EU or Schengen zone.
  • You are a highly qualified worker or athlete whose work cannot be postponed or carried out remotely.
  • You are travelling for duly accredited imperative family reasons.
  • You are allowed entry due to force majeure or on humanitarian grounds.
  • And as mentioned earlier in the article, if you have a vaccination certificate that Spain’s Ministry of Health recognises, as well as for any accompanying minors (unless they’re under 12 years of age).

READ ALSO: When do I need to fill out Spain’s Covid health control form for travel?