Language lovers amazed by interactive map
George Mills · 16 Jan 2014, 09:20
Published: 16 Jan 2014 09:20 GMT+01:00
- 'People are more logical in a foreign language' (08 Jan 14)
- Named: Spanish word of the year for 2013 (30 Dec 13)
When is a banana not a banana? When you are in Spain apparently.
Almost everywhere else in Europe, the word is similar to English: In Dutch, it's "banaan", and in Iceland the word is "banani" while the Hungarians say "banán".
But in Spain the usual name for the fruit is "plátano", although banana is sometimes used for the sweeter varieties of the fruit.
This is just one of the examples of what can be done with the European word translator map.
Part of the UK Data Explorer series, the map allows people to enter an English word and see its translation into everything from Maltese to Finnish.
Fuelled by Google translate, the map is a goldmine of linguistic information giving an idea of Europe's cultural, linguistic and historical fault lines.
Spain's Arabic past, for instance, means some Spanish words stand out like a sore thumb on the linguistic landscape.
In Spain, for example, the word for "oil" is "aceite" while almost everywhere else it's closer to the English word. The Spanish for meatball — "albóndiga", from the Arabic for "the ball" — is another word is only seen on the Iberian Peninsula.
Then there are other words that Spain has given to the English language and the rest of the Europe. Type in "conquistador" or "macho" and you'll see how far these Spanish words have travelled.
Some words, however, have travelled in the opposite direction. The English words "club", meaning an association, is now used everywhere, including across Spain.
For Spain-based users of the map, there's another advantage: the map includes translations into the Basque, Catalan and Galician languages too.
In the case of Basque, it also shows just how different the language is from the rest of Europe, where Indo-European roots predominate.
The map is not perfect. Creator James Trimble points out that Google Translate is not always reliable. Only one translation is given, which means alternative meanings can be lost.
In some cases the Google tool can't find a translation and the English word is given instead.