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LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

Ten things Spaniards hate about the English language

The spelling is ridiculous, the accents are impossible and then there are all those irregular plurals. Is it any wonder Spanish students learning English sometimes just want to give up?

Ten things Spaniards hate about the English language
For many Spaniards learning English can be a form of torture. Photo: Josh Janssen

While English may seem easy at first glance, there are so many exceptions to the rules that sometimes the language seems designed to make life difficult for students. 

It’s enough to make you want to tear your hair out!

As translator and English teacher Tara Lowe puts it: “Spaniards, we English speakers understand your pain.

“Patience, determination and above all, native English speaker friends, partners and work colleagues are vital to your success in learning this beautiful language.”

Pronunciation

Spanish is a phonetic language, so what you see is what you get. English is another story. Common mistakes by Spaniards include adding an ‘e’ in front of words beginning with ‘s’ plus consonants, like e-snow or even e-Spain. Tara Lowe also points out how difficult the final ‘s’ is – especially for people from the south of Spain. 

Photo: Bitshaker/Flickr

Plurals

Spanish plurals are fairly straightforward, but in English, it’s a completely different ball game. Spanish students often get in a muddle over plurals that stay the same as in the singular (like sheep) or with nouns that change drastically in the plural, as in the case of mouse/mice or foot/feet. 

Plurals can be difficult to master in English. Photo: David Mark / Pixabay

Spelling

Is it any wonder Spaniards get wound up about English spelling? Tara Lowe says: Where is the “gh” in “though”? Why do I say “alive” like “five” but “live” like “with”? And how come “wood” (noun) is pronounced the same as “would” (conditional)? 

Photo: Venita Oberholster / Pixabay

Irregular verbs

English is full of horrible irregular verbs like drink, drank, drunk, as an example. What’s wrong with just sticking an -ed on the end of everything? But that would just be too easy, wouldn’t it?

Photo: PublicDomainPictures / Pixabay

Accents

Congratulations, you’ve studied your verb tables, been to all those classes and mastered the English language! Now it’s time to pack up and visit an English-speaking country… and discover you can’t understand a single word anyone is saying. 

A Scottish accent can be difficult for Spanish people to understand. Photo: PublicDomainArchive / Pixabay

Homophones

Jim and Jen couldn’t bear to bare all in front of their pet bear. Yes, a bizarre example of how English words can have completely different spellings and meanings, but sound exactly the same. 

Is it a bear or a bare? Photo: Pexels / Pixabay

Do, does, did

There is no equivalent to this tongue-twisting auxiliary, or helping, verb in Spanish. That’s why frustrated Spaniards sometimes come up with questions like ‘I go?’ and negatives like ‘I not go’.

Photo: Robin Higgins / Pixabay

Future

Let’s face it. When it comes to talking about the future, English is a mess. You can use ‘going to (Next week, I’m going to visit my cousins) or ‘will’ (What will you do when you grow up?) or even just the present (I leave on Monday). Sure there are rules, but couldn’t English just simplify the whole business?

There are many ways to express the future tense in English. Photo: Steve Buissinne / Pixabay

False friends

With so many Spanish and English words looking almost identical, it’s easy to fall into the trap of thinking they mean the same thing. But watch out: you don’t want to get your preservatives (conservantes) mixed with your preservatives (condoms). 

Photo: Michal Jarmoluk / Pixabay

Welcome to phrasal verbs

This pesky pairing of verbs and prepositions which are the pet hate of students of English worldwide. A word of advice: don’t try learning long lists (take in, take out, take on…). Instead, try learning them in context. So if you are talking romantic dinners, you’ll need examples like ask out, dine out, stand up or fall for. 

Photo: StockSnap / Pixabay

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LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

The essential Catalan phrases you need in Catalonia

Even if you speak Spanish, if you're living in Catalonia, it's a good idea to learn some Catalan too. Here are some basic phrases you need to get by.

The essential Catalan phrases you need in Catalonia
Image: Photos_Marta/ Pixabay

While everyone in the bigger Catalan cities such as Barcelona or Tarragona will speak Spanish, it’s a good idea to learn some Catalan too.

Not only is this sure to win you some brownie points with the locals, but it will enrich your experience of living in the region and allow you to make new friends. This is particularly true when travelling to the smaller towns and villages in rural Catalonia too.

Greetings

Greetings are a great way to start out practicing your Catalan. Your neighbours will be delighted and appreciate greetings in their local language. Because the phrases are short, they’re easy to remember and don’t invite long answers that you won’t be able to understand.

Bon dia – Good day

This phrase is used all the time in Catalonia, even more so than ‘Hola’. You would use it for greeting someone anytime up until the afternoon, after which you would say 'Bona tarda'. 

Encantat! Molt de gust! – Pleased to meet you.

Com estás? – How are you?

Bona nit – Good night

Greetings in Catalan. Image: Andrea Piacquadio/Pexels

 

Being polite

Another very easy way to slip in some Catalan here and there is to use it in small polite phrases. Even if you don’t know the Catalan for the whole phrase, you could easily add please or thank you on the end.

Si us plau – Please

Moltes gràcies – Thank you very much

De res – You’re welcome

Saying thank you in Catalan. Image: Ka Young Seo / Pixabay 

Eating out

When you’re a bit more confident with your Catalan, eating out is the perfect time to put it all into practice. You don’t have to keep the conversation going a long time and there are particular useful phrases that you can memorise.  

Teniu una taula per dos? – Do you have a table for two?

La carta, si us plau – The menu please

El comte, si us plau – The bill please

No puc menjar… – I can’t eat…
This one may be useful if there’s something that you’re allergic to or can’t eat, such as gluten or dairy for example.

Eating out. Image: Ji-yeon Yun / Pixabay 

Shopping

Like eating out, shopping is another perfect chance to put your Catalan out in the real world.

Quant costa això? – How much does that cost?

Tens un altre color? – Do you have a different colour?

Tens una talla més gran/petita? – Do you have a bigger/smaller size?

Pots ajudar-me? – Can you help me?

 

READ MORE: Ten colourful Catalan phrases you should learn right now

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