How Spain is betting on mixed gender prisons

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How Spain is betting on mixed gender prisons
Male and female inmates gather at the gym of the Teixeiro prison, near A Coruna, on October 5, 2023. (Photo by MIGUEL RIOPA / AFP)

Men and women have been living together since 2021 at one of the wings of the Teixeiro prison near A Coruña in Spain's Galicia region, in a bid to better prepare inmates for their reintegration into society once they are released.


At a jail in northwestern Spain, a sole female inmate played football with 21 male convicts, part of a push towards mixed prison living that remains rare in Europe.

"Let go of the ball!" Ambra, a 25-year-old Albanian who did not want to give her surname, shouted at one of her male teammates.


She pushed them as much as she was pushed to try to gain control of the ball.

"Why should prison be the only place without mixed spaces?" she wanted to know.

Men and women have been cohabiting since 2021 in one wing of the Teixeiro prison near La Coruña in Spain's verdant Galicia region.

The aim is to better prepare inmates for their reintegration into society once they are released.

Twenty of the 55 inmates in the jail's Nelson Mandela cell block are women.

They and the men take part together in daily activities such as exercise, group therapy and vocational training.

They work and eat together.

The rest of the time, they live in separate cells although in the same hallway.

Inmates must volunteer to be part of this block and are selected based on their behaviour.

Prisoners convicted of sexual violence are excluded.

At the canteen, inmate Cristina prepared meals with other women and men, while at the gym Helga worked out with her male counterparts.

25-year-old Albanian inmate Ambra (C), plays football with other male inmates at the Teixeiro prison.(Photo by MIGUEL RIOPA / AFP)



'Prepare for life'

Considered a reference in Europe when it comes to women rights, Spain has for over two decades experimented with coed prisons.

There are currently 20 mixed-gender cell blocks in Spain, where 202 women and 925 men take part in joint activities.

That is just a fraction of Spain's total jail population of around 47,000.

But the government of Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez has encouraged the country's prison system to further develop these mixed-gender cell blocks.


"It makes no sense for you to prepare for life outside jail with only half of the population," said the deputy director of the Teixeiro prison, Nadia Arias.

She said coed jail blocks helped prisoners get used to being in a society where men and women co-exist.

The initiative also allows women prisoners, who are far fewer in number, to access the services and programmes available to men, Arias said.

Ricardo, a repeat offender who has spent time in solitary confinement, said he hesitated when prison administrators suggested he moved to the mixed-gender cell block because he had "spent a lot of time with men".

Now he says he prefers it since there are fewer tensions.

In an all-male prison block respect is earned by defending your belongings, and a "dirty look could lead to a knife fight or a fist fight", the 47-year-old said.

Helga (L) and Ricardo, inmates at the Teixeiro prison, talk in the prison yard on October 5, 2023. (Photo by MIGUEL RIOPA / AFP)


'Good idea'

Ambra, the 25-year-old Albanian, said men in the mixed-gender block sometimes misinterpret her friendliness and think she "wants to hook up, or something like that".

"So I put up a barrier," she explained.

Ana Suárez, a counsellor at Erguete, a non-governmental organisation that helps people battling addictions and works with inmates in the jail, said "sexist behaviours happen inside prison just like outside".

The prison offers workshops to inmates on "deconstructing masculinity".


The prison's management said it has not experienced "any serious incidents" in the mixed block, which was in "great demand" from inmates wishing to join it.

Elsewhere in Europe, mixed jail blocks are not common.

In neighbouring France, for example, where coed incarceration has been authorised since 2009, there are no jails where men and women are kept in the same area as in Teixeiro.

Men and women in French jails mix only during scheduled activities.

"I think it's a very good idea to have men and women cohabiting because that's how life is outside," said Ambra.



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