Youth unemployment in Spain reaches all-time low

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Youth unemployment in Spain reaches all-time low
Four out of 10 young people in Spain only work part time. Photo: Pau BARRENA / AFP

New figures from the Spanish government reveals that youth unemployment in Spain is at an all-time low, however four out of 10 people under the age of 25 are only on part-time contracts.


Although the youth unemployment rate is double that of older people in Spain, the number of under-25s unemployed in Spain under is currently at an all-time low, standing at just under 190,000, according to the latest data published by the Labour Ministry on Friday June 2nd. 

After the May unemployment data was published, the Labour Minister, Yolanda Díaz, highlighted the drop in unemployment among the youth saying "It's the lowest figure in the entire historical series". 

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Despite this, four out of ten people under 25 work part-time, despite the fact that 38.8 percent would like a full-time contract. 

One in five temporary contracts registered in the month of May was signed by someone under 25, representing a total of 137,132, according to data from the State Public Employment Service. 

As a result of the labour reform in the first quarter of 2022 to decrease the number of temporary contracts, there has been a shift towards more permanent ones. The data released on Friday by the ministry showed that of the 1.1 million under 30s who had a temporary contract in the first quarter of 2022 and are still registered, 66.3 percent have now moved to permanent ones, that is, 746,763 young people.

READ ALSO: How a spike in permanent contracts is improving job security in Spain


However, with the increase in permanent contracts, the part-time employment rate has also increased among young people.

"It is very positive that there are fewer unemployed and more Social Security contributors, but it is just as true that we are talking about less work as a whole and, therefore, less money. A few hours a week or a few days a month are not going to enable someone to live", the general secretary of the Unión Sindical Obrera (USO), Joaquín Pérez, said.

Specifically, among the younger population, 41.4 percent of employed people under the age of 25 work part-time, according to data from the Report on Youth and the Labour Market published on May 31st by the Ministry of Labour, which includes figures for the latest Active Population Survey (EPA).

This is one point higher than those figures registered in the first three months of last year (40.2 percent) and four points higher than that of the same period of 2019 (37.28 percent). By expanding the age range to those under 30 years of age, the percentage of young people with part-time contracts falls to 26.7 percent, although it continues to far exceed the general rate of 13.7 percent.


Women tend to be offered part-time contracts much more than men, both in the population under 25 and in those under 30. The part-time employment rate rises to 51.85 percent in women under 25 and up to 33.79 percent in those under 30, compared to ratios of 32.72 percent and 20.36 percent respectively among the men. 

Vice president of the Spanish Youth Council (CJE), Antonio Báez explains: "A person with a partial contract will obviously have a much lower salary than one who works full-time and, consequently, much more difficulties in paying rent, accessing housing, meeting living expenses or any other another type". 


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