For members


What are the pros and cons of Spain’s student visa?

Enrolling on a course and applying for a student visa is one way for non-EU citizens of any age to be able to live in Spain beyond the regular length of a tourist stay, but what exactly are the pros and cons of Spain's student visa that applicants should know about?

Mature students in Spain
Spain's student visa. Photo: Mikael Kristenson / Unsplash

Student visas are available to all non-EU citizens, providing that they are accepted onto a course and that they meet all the necessary requirements.

Those who want to study for less than 90 days can do so without the need for any type of student visa, while those whose course lasts 90 days or more will have to apply for a short-term or long-term student visa, depending on the length of their course. 

Here’s what you to need know about Spain’s student visa process and its pros and cons, before you decide whether it’s right for you or not.


You are able to work up to 20 hours per week

If your student visa is granted, then you will have the right to get a part-time job in Spain, providing that you don’t work over 20 hours per week.

This could be a great help in supporting yourself while you’re studying. The only caveat is that your job can’t interfere with your studies – if you’re here on a student visa, then your course has to be your priority.

You are able to apply for internships in Spain

As well as being able to work in Spain, you are also able to do an internship. You may have to undertake a professional internship as part of your course or you may choose to do one and apply for it on your own.

In both cases, your internship cannot exceed 20 hours per week. You are also able to apply for residency for professional internships. This is a residence authorisation that is granted to those studying higher education degrees or those who have completed them within the last two years. The duration of the residency permit equals the duration of your internship.

You can bring some family members with you

Another great thing about the student visa is that you’re able to bring a family member with you to Spain. To do this, you can request a joint application and include them on your student visa.

Keep in mind, you can’t just bring any family member, it must be your husband or wife, your civil partner or any dependent children under the age of 18.

There is no age limit and your visa can be for many different types of studies

Anyone can apply for a student visa, no matter their age. It’s not just for typical college-aged students, it could be for mature students coming to do a Master’s Degree, a PhD or even someone undertaking scientific research. 

You are able to start your application from your home country or within Spain

Typically, you would apply for your student visa from your home country at the nearest Spanish consulate or embassy, however since 2018, it has also been possible to apply while in the country.

This means that you could technically arrive in Spain on a tourist visa, find and enroll on a course and then apply for your student visa, without having to leave the country.

You can extend your stay

Also since 2018, it has been possible to extend your stay in Spain for an additional year after your studies have been completed. This allows you to be able to search for a job or start your own company. Be aware though, the granting of the extension will depend on the length of your course. 

students in Spain

Students can work up to 20 hours a week in Spain. Photo: Naassom Azevedo / Pixabay


You can only apply for a regular work permit if you’ve studied in Spain for three years

If you’re hoping to be able to stay in Spain and get a work permit to enable to you work full time after your studies, unfortunately, you will only be able to do this if your course lasted for three years or more. This is one of the prerequisites that the Spanish government put in place for those wanting to change their visa from a student one to a work permit. 

If you were just on a one-year course, this will not be possible and you will only be able to get a job in high demand, for the highly skilled or go through the complicated process of setting up your own company and acquiring a business visa. 

READ ALSO: What you need to know about Spain’s visa for entrepreneurs

You will need proof of funds even before you’ve found part-time work in Spain

Unfortunately, you are not able to say that the 20 hours you hope to work in Spain is enough to support you. Along with your application form, you will have to prove that you have sufficient funds. This amount is equal to the full amount of the IPREM, which for 2022 is €579.02 per month or €6,948.24 for the year. 

Family members will not have the right to work

Although you will be able to work up to 20 hours on your student visa, the Spanish government states that any family member you bring with you does not have this right. This means that you will need to be able to support your family on a part-time job. 

If you do bring family members, you will also need to prove that you can support them when you first apply. This means showing funds of 75 percent of the IPREM for the first family member, and 50 percent of the IPREM for each additional family member after that. For 2022, this equals an extra €434.26 per month for the first family member and €289.51 for each after that.

You will need a lot of documentation

Applying for a student visa for Spain is not an easy process. It’s lengthy and can be a headache trying to get all the correct documents and paperwork. As well as your acceptance letter to the school or university, most consulates state that you will also need show evidence of a clear criminal background check, a medical certificate and possibly a homologación (degree validation) of your previous studies or qualifications.

If you are bringing family members, you will also need to show proof of your relationships, such as marriage and birth certificates.

You have to get private health insurance

As an international student, you will not be eligible for Spain’s public health care system and will have to pay for private health care insurance. Most Spanish consulates state that evidence of this must be presented along with your application form.

This means that being a student could prove quite costly – having to pay for your course fees, proof of funds to support yourself and your private health insurance, all before you can even begin to think about applying for a part-time job.

Short-term student visas cannot be extended

If you applied for a short-term student visa because your course only lasted between 90 and 180 days, you will not be able to extend your visa further and will have to leave the country once your course is complete.

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For members


Can I get my padrón online in Spain?

The padrón certificate is a handy multipurpose document you receive when you register with your local town hall in Spain. It can often be frustrating having to apply for it in person, so are you able to apply online instead?

Can I get my padrón online in Spain?

Empadronamiento is a registration process which adds you to the census of your local area. The associated certificate – el padrón – provides you with official proof of your address.  

For your local town hall, or ayuntamiento in Spanish, it serves the purpose of knowing exactly how many people are living in the area, which in turn helps them receive adequate funding for public services.  

But your padrón certificate is very useful for you too, as many official processes in Spain require you to prove your address.

For example, you may need it to get your driving licence or to register as an autónomo (self-employed). 

READ ALSO: 16 things you should know about Spain’s padrón town hall registration. 

Technically, you should apply for your padrón within the first three months of moving to Spain, or if you move home to a different area within Spain.

You may also need to reapply for it if you need it for another official process and it is older than three months.

If you’ve already been living in Spain, you’ll know that getting documents such as your padrón can take longer than you probably hoped for. This can be very frustrating, particularly having to first get a prior appointment (cita previa) from your town hall, as this ends up stringing out the process.

Being able to apply online instead of in person could save you a lot of time and should make the whole process easier, but is it possible?

Can you apply for the padrón online in Spain?

The short answer is yes, it is often possible to apply for your padrón certificate online. However, it may depend on the area you live in.

For example, if you live in Barcelona or Madrid, you are able to apply for your certificate for the first time online or renew it online too.

Those in Barcelona should visit the relevant page of the Ajuntament website here where you can fill out and submit the online form.

Those in Madrid can fill out and apply for the form here, while in Valencia, you can apply via the following link here.

You will simply need to follow all the steps, filling out all your personal details as you go and then submitting it at the end. 

Remember, you will also need to have digital copies of your ID documents such as passport, TIE or other residency cards, the deeds if you own the property where you live or your rental contract if you are renting.

You may need a digital certificate or [email protected] to be able to officially identify yourself during online processes, but this may not be necessary for all town halls, it will depend on what type of system they have set up.

For example, if you live in Granada and have your digital certificate, you can apply online, but if you don’t, then you will need to apply for it in person.

In Madrid, those who don’t have a digital certificate can apply for the padrón via e-mail.

In some other areas, you may be able to apply to renew your certificate online, but if you’re applying for the first time then you will still need to go in person.

As is so often the case with official matters in Spain, there is no standard procedure which applies across the board for getting a padrón online.

You may ask one civil servant who tells you it is possible, then turn round and quiz another funcionario, who completely rules it out. Perhaps you’re better off first Googling “solicitar padrón a través de internet” (apply for padron online), plus the name of your town to see if it is an option.

‘Spain is different’, Spaniards often say in English when being critical about their country. When it comes to applying for a padrón online, Spain and its 8,131 town halls most certainly are different.