Spain to help rebuild Lebanon’s forgotten railway network

Lebanon’s transport minister has said that Spain will finance a plan to revive the railway network that has been out of service since the start of the 1975-1990 civil war.

Spain to help rebuild Lebanon's forgotten railway network
A picture shows an old train locomotive inside the abandoned Riyaq train station in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley. Rail transport in Lebanon began in the 1890s under the Ottoman Empire but came to a halt in the 1970s during the country's civil war. (Photo by JOSEPH EID / AFP)

A deal for a “comprehensive master plan for the 407 kilometre-long (252 miles) railway” is expected next month, Public Works and Transport Minister Ali Hamie told AFP during an interview on Wednesday.

“We should sign a deal with the Spanish government within three weeks,” Hamie said, adding that the plan should be completed six months after an agreement is clinched.

Lebanon had a railway network since the end of the 19th century which connected Beirut to the Syrian capital Damascus.

It was built during Ottoman rule and inaugurated in 1895, operating until the devastating civil war begun 47 years ago.

Several proposals to revamp the network — and public transport in general — were made after the end of the war in 1975 but were shelved.

Remnants of the British-mandate-era Beirut-Acre (Akko) rail line, in the southernmost stretch of Lebanese coastline in the area of Naqura, by the border with Israel. At its peak Lebanon had about 408 kilometres of railway. Photo: Mahmoud ZAYYAT/AFP

The network, like most of Lebanon’s post-war infrastructure, fell into disrepair, and illegal construction sprouted along the railway.

With public transport effectively non-existent, there are more than two million cars for six million people in Lebanon.

In 2018, the World Bank approved a $295 million package to jumpstart the country’s first modern public transport system.

But that too was put on hold as Lebanon has been struggling since 2019 with a major financial crisis dubbed by the World Bank as one of the planet’s worst in modern times.

Spain’s government will pay a Spanish firm to draft a feasibility study, a survey of current infrastructure and proposals to settle infringements on the rail network, Hamie said.

The master plan, he said, could serve as a way to attract potential investors for the rehabilitation of the railway.

Lebanon’s cash-strapped public works ministry is trying to attract funds in foreign currency by launching tenders for top facilities.

They include the Beirut International Airport and the Beirut port, where an explosion caused by a huge stockpile of ammonium nitrate fertiliser in August 2020 killed more than 200 people and destroyed swathes of the capital.

Next week, Hamie is due to sign a 10-year contract with French shipping giant CMA CGM to run the container terminal at Beirut port.

The Lebanese government in partnership with the World Bank is also working on drafting a roadmap for the reconstruction of the port which should be ready by August, Hamie said.

“The master plan for the port lays out a framework for optimal investment” before the start of reconstruction which is estimated to cost $500-600 million, the minister told AFP.

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Spain evacuates diplomats and Spanish nationals from Ukraine

Spain said Friday it had evacuated about 100 of its nationals from Ukraine, including its ambassador to the country and remaining diplomatic staff due to Russia's military invasion.

Spain evacuates diplomats and Spanish nationals from Ukraine

“The last remaining staff members of the Spanish embassy are leaving” Kyiv including the ambassador, Spanish Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Albares told private television Antena 3.

They were evacuated along with “a convoy of around 100 Spanish nationals, who had to leave Kyiv due to the deterioration of security conditions”, he added.

With this operation there are only about 100 Spanish nationals left in Ukraine. They have said they do not wish to leave the country, according to Spain’s foreign ministry.

Russian forces were approaching Kyiv from the north and northeast, Ukraine’s army said Friday, with rising fears the capital could fall on the
second day of Moscow’s offensive.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine “will not be without consequences”, Albares said as he reiterated Spain’s support for Kyiv.

He added it was “clear” that Russian President Vladimir Putin wants to alter Europe’s “respect for the integrity of borders” but “we are going to do everything in our power to defend this order”.