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KEY POINTS: How Spain plans to fight Omicron this Christmas

Spain’s Prime Minister and the country’s 17 regions on Wednesday agreed to a number of Covid-19 measures that will apply across the country to combat the highest daily infections seen since the start of the pandemic.

Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez speaks during a press conference following a Conference of Regional Presidents on the evolution of the Covid-19 pandemic, at the Spanish Senate in Madrid, on December 22, 2021. - Sanchez met via video with regional leaders to discuss ways to reduce the spread of the Omicron variant first identified in southern Africa late last month. Spain will reimpose a nationwide rule requiring the use of face masks outdoors, the government said on December 22, 2021, as the country grapples with a spike in Covid-19 infections. (Photo by JAVIER SORIANO / AFP)
Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez speaks during a press conference following a Conference of Regional Presidents on December 22, 2021. (Photo by JAVIER SORIANO / AFP)

Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez on Wednesday held an emergency meeting with the country’s 17 regional leaders in a bid to agree on the best Covid restrictions to combat this sixth wave of the coronavirus in Spain. 

Talks were held as Spain beat its daily record for infections for the second day running with just over 60,000 cases on Wednesday. The previous day infections reached a little under 50,000 cases, the highest figure in a 24-hour period since the pandemic began.

So what decisions were reached and what conclusions can be drawn about a meeting meant to give Spain’s 47 million inhabitants a clear and effective strategy to avoid more infections over the festive period?

Face masks compulsory outdoors again 

The standout restriction that Sánchez announced, despite opposition from some regional leaders, was the return of compulsory face masks outdoors, even when a distance of 1.5 metres can be kept from other people. 

The rule, which was already in place in Spain from May 2020 until June 2021, is set to be approved in an emergency Spanish cabinet meeting on Thursday and will come into force on Christmas Eve. 

Initial reports suggest the outdoors face mask measure will include some exceptions such as “for sport, in the countryside, natural spaces and for taking a walk with a friend or family member if a safe distance of 1.5 metres is kept”. 

Sánchez justified the measure given the higher transmissibility of the Omicron variant, adding that his government wants it to be a “temporary” restriction that ends “as soon as it’s possible”. 

Unlike with other restrictions, face mask legislation is decided at a national level in Spain, so even though regional leaders such as Madrid’s Isabel Díaz Ayuso have crossed off the rule as “inefficient”, they’re unlikely to be able to have it overruled in their local courts.


No national plan for the usual restrictions

Aside from the nationwide return of face masks outdoors, there will be no national restrictions framework applied across the country.

That means that Spain will again have ‘17 different Christmases’ as it has been described in the national press, with each region deciding its own Covid rules over the Christmas period.

This has been a common thread throughout the pandemic, with citizens having to adapt to the restrictions each regional government deems appropriate.

Overall, regional leaders agree with the national government’s approach of not bringing back the strict restrictions such as hospitality closures or curfews.

FIND OUT MORE: The Covid restrictions in your part of Spain this Christmas

“We have not returned to March of last year as the Omicron variant is different and our vaccination campaign is very advanced. The situation is different and therefore we are not going to apply the same measures as back then,” Sánchez concluded, adding that he was “fully aware of the (pandemic) fatigue” among the population. 

Still, Sánchez’s detractors can argue that he is again passing the buck to the regions and ridding himself of responsibility as it will once more be up to each autonomous government to decide its own potentially unpopular Covid restrictions for Christmas.

Keep on vaccinating 

Spain may have reached the milestone of 90 percent of its population over 12 vaccinated against Covid-19, but for Sánchez the emphasis should continue to be on vaccinating rather than imposing restrictions.

Now the focus is on booster shots, with the Spanish government setting itself the following vaccination target for the coming weeks as part of its action plan:

 – 80 percent of people aged 60 to 69 with a booster shot before the end of 2021.

 – 80 percent of people aged 50 to 59 years with a booster shot by the end of January 2022.

 – 80 percent of 40-49 years with a booster shot in the first week of March 2022.

Spain is in fact lagging behind in seventh position in the EU ranking when it comes to this reinforcement dose, having not yet confirmed when people in their thirties or younger will be eligible for it.

The national government did however approve a milder dose of the Covid-19 vaccine for children aged 5 to 11 two weeks ago, and Spanish health authorities have included this group in its self-described “ambitious” goals

  • 70 percent of children aged 5 to 11 with their first dose in the week of February 7th.
  • 70 percent of children aged 5 to 11 with their second dose in the week starting on April 19th.
Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez speaks during a press conference following a Conference of Regional Presidents
Sánchez has again left it in the hands of the regions to decide Covid measures such as capacity limits and hospitality closures. Photo: Javier Soriano/AFP

On board with changes to Covid health pass

Sánchez and the country’s regional leaders agreed to include in their raft of new measures the recent proposal by the European Union that from February 1st 2022 the EU-wide Digital Covid Certificate expire nine months after full vaccination.

After a booster shot, the validity of Spain-issued and other EU Covid health passes will be accepted and extended without a set limit.

You can read more about it in the link below. 

READ MORE: How the rules of the EU Covid certificate for travel will change from February

Armed forces to help with vaccination and tracing

Sánchez told the country’s 17 regional presidents his government will deploy the country’s armed forces to reinforce the tracing and vaccination campaign in the face of the boom in infections caused by Omicron.

Although the measure certainly appears to be rather drastic –  especially with regard to tracing operations – the role of the 150 military teams will also include making military hospitals available to the public health system to be used as vaccination centres, assisting with other logistical and distribution matters and in general providing extra manpower to Spain’s fight against Omicron.

More full-time health workers

In order to tackle the overload being caused by the Omicron variant in health centres across Spain, where the majority of patients with mild and moderate Covid symptoms end up, Spain’s national government wants to increase the number of health professionals available and improve their working conditions.

Only around 50 percent of health workers in Spain have fixed contracts, something Sánchez’s government wants to temporarily address by reducing temporary positions in the sector below 8 percent.

For this to happen, Spain’s General State Budgets have allocated €292 million in funds, most of which will be transferred to the regions.

The plan to reinforce Spain’s public health workforce will also involve hiring retired health personnel as well as professionals with specialist degrees obtained from non-EU countries.

For this recruitment of third country staff to happen, Spain would have to address the huge backlog of homologaciones (validation of foreign qualifications) it has, with tens of thousands of qualified foreign professionals in Spain currently waiting two or more years for their file to be processed, unable to work in the meantime. 

A common Covid fund

Faced with the demand in unison from the regions for the return of a common Covid financial fund, Sánchez pointed out that throughout 2021 €7 billion have been transferred to regional health departments, a figure which the national government is willing to increase if necessary. 

“There will be no problems in terms of financial resources,” Sánchez promised. 

However, the Spanish Prime Minister has not set a fixed amount and any potential Covid fund remains a promise rather than an agreed measure, as in the case of the money allocated to recruit more health workers. 

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TRAVEL: Spain extends ban on unvaccinated non-EU tourists

Britons, Americans and other non-EU/Schengen travellers who are neither vaccinated nor recently recovered from Covid-19 will not be able to visit Spain for tourism for at least another month, Spanish authorities have confirmed.

TRAVEL: Spain extends ban on unvaccinated non-EU tourists

The Spanish government has again extended temporary restrictions for non-essential travel (including tourism) from most third countries for another month, until June 15th 2022.

That means that non-EU/Schengen adults who reside outside of the EU and who haven’t been fully vaccinated against Covid-19 or recovered from the illness in the past six months cannot go on holiday to Spain during the next month. 

Therefore, Spain continues to not accept negative Covid-19 tests from British, American, Canadian, Indian or other third-country nationals who are neither vaccinated nor recently recovered. 

There had been hopes that the shorter two-week extension to the ban on non-essential travel issued on April 30th, as well as talk of the “orderly and progressive reopening” of the country’s borders, would mean that unvaccinated third country nationals would be allowed into Spain in May.

But in the end, Saturday May 14th’s state bulletin confirmed that Spain will keep the same measures in place for another 31 days, stating that they “will eventually be modified to respond to a change of circumstances or to new recommendations in the context of the European Union”.

Spain’s ban on unvaccinated non-EU travellers is arguably the last major Covid-19 restriction in place in the country, and other EU countries such as Sweden, Poland, Denmark, Czech Republic and Ireland are allowing unvaccinated tourists in.

This latest announcement by the Spanish government marks the umpteenth extension to non-essential travel from outside of the EU/Schengen area over the past two years of the pandemic, the previous one was due to expire on May 15th. 

But perhaps this extension is the most surprising, as the Spanish health ministry has modified its rulebook to treat Covid-19 like the flu and the country wants to recover the tourism numbers it had pre-pandemic.

The ban affects unvaccinated British tourists in particular, as the UK is still the biggest tourism market for Spain, but Britons’ non-EU status means they have to follow the same Covid-19 travel rules as other third-country nationals.

Vaccinated or recovered third-country travellers

Those who were fully vaccinated against Covid-19 more than two weeks prior to travel to Spain will need to show a valid vaccination certificate with an EMA or WHO approved vaccine.

If their initial vaccination treatment was completed more than 9 months ago (270 days), they’ll need to show they’ve had a Covid-19 booster shot. 

As for non-EU/Schengen travellers who have recovered from Covid-19 in the past six months, they will need to show a recovery certificate to prove this

According to Spain’s Health Ministry, recovery certificates accepted as valid are those “issued at least 11 days after the first positive NAAT or RAT, and up to a maximum of 180 days after the date of sampling”, as well as being issued by the relevant authorities.


In early February, Spanish authorities also decided to start allowing unvaccinated non-EU/Schengen teenagers aged 12 to 17 to visit Spain for tourism if they provided a negative PCR.

Spain continues to have a small list of low-risk third countries whose travellers visiting Spain for non-essential reasons can enter without having to present proof of Covid-19 testing, recovery or vaccination. 

This is updated weekly and can be checked here by clicking on the PDF under “risk and high risk countries/areas”. 

READ ALSO: Can I travel to my second home in Spain if I’m not vaccinated?

If you’re not vaccinated or recovered, the exceptions for travel to Spain from third countries that fall under the non-essential travel restrictions are:

  • You are a resident in the EU or Schengen country.
  • You have a visa for a long duration stay in an EU or Schengen country.
  • You work in transport, such as airline staff or are in a maritime profession.
  • You work in diplomatic, consular, international organisations, military or civil protection or are a member of a humanitarian organisation.
  • You have a student visa for a country in the EU or Schengen zone.
  • You are a highly qualified worker or athlete whose work cannot be postponed or carried out remotely.
  • You are travelling for duly accredited imperative family reasons.
  • You are allowed entry due to force majeure or on humanitarian grounds.
  • And as mentioned earlier in the article, if you have a vaccination certificate that Spain’s Ministry of Health recognises, as well as for any accompanying minors (unless they’re under 12 years of age).

READ ALSO: When do I need to fill out Spain’s Covid health control form for travel?