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Puigdemont arrest puts spotlight back on Catalan hardliners

Four years after Catalonia's failed bid to break away from Spain, the brief arrest of exiled former Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont has turned the spotlight back on separatist hardliners who firmly oppose dialogue with Madrid.

Alghero's mayor Marco Conoci, exiled former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont and his lawyer Gonzalo Boye give a press conference in Alghero, on the island of Sardinia on September 25th, 2021
(From L) Alghero's mayor Marco Conoci, exiled former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont and his lawyer Gonzalo Boye give a press conference in Alghero, on the island of Sardinia on September 25th, 2021. Four years after Catalonia's failed bid to break away from Spain, Puigdemont's brief arrest has turned the spotlight back on separatist hardliners who firmly oppose dialogue with Madrid. MIGUEL MEDINA / AFP

Puigdemont, 58, was arrested in Italy on September 23rd but released a day later pending an extradition hearing in Sardinia on Monday.

READ ALSO: Catalan ex-leader seeks immunity ahead of extradition hearing in Italy

He is wanted by Madrid on charges of sedition for leading a failed Catalan bid to declare independence in October 2017, fleeing to Belgium to avoid prosecution.

His arrest in Sardinia came barely a week after the left-wing government of Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez and the regional Catalan authorities resumed negotiations to find a solution to Spain’s worst political crisis in decades.

“This arrest suits all those who want to do away with the negotiations. It suits (Puigdemont’s hardline) JxC party and the Spanish right,” said Ana Sofia Cardenal, a political scientist at Catalonia’s Open University.

There has been a significant thaw in the relationship since Pere Aragones, a moderate separatist from the left-wing ERC, was elected as Catalan leader in May, taking the helm of the region’s separatist-dominated coalition.

The shift had an immediate effect: within weeks, the Spanish government had pardoned nine separatist leaders jailed over the independence bid and agreed to resume top-level talks on the Catalan crisis.

ERC favours a negotiated strategy to achieve independence via dialogue with Madrid, while its junior coalition partner JxC wants to maintain a confrontational approach.

‘Confrontation can’t be avoided’ 
Led by Puigdemont, hardliners have criticised Aragones for engaging in talks despite Madrid’s absolute opposition to allowing another Catalan independence referendum — one of the separatists’ key demands.

“Confrontation with the (Spanish) state cannot be avoided,” Puigdemont said early last month, just before JxC said it wouldn’t be joining the talks.

Exactly four years ago, on October 1st, 2017, Puigdemont’s regional administration staged a referendum banned by Madrid, then issued a short-lived declaration of independence, unleashing a crisis which has yet to be resolved.

“It’s clear that Carles Puigdemont must be brought to justice and stand trial” over his involvement in the independence push, Sanchez said a day after his arrest in Sardinia.

Puigdemont’s lawyers insist there is no legal basis for his arrest, nor for his extradition.

Although Puigdemont enjoyed immunity for a time after being elected an MEP in 2019, that was lifted by the European Parliament in March in a decision upheld by the EU’s General Court in July.

However, the European Parliament’s decision is being appealed, pending a final ruling by the EU court.

Tricky balancing act
Although Puigdemont’s media profile in Spain has been lower since his election to the European parliament, he still plays “an important role in Catalan politics as head of JxC”, said Toni Rodon, a political scientist at Barcelona’s Pompeu Fabra University.

And it is a role that has left ERC in a tricky position, forcing it into a delicate balancing act between its talks with Madrid and its relationship with JxC.

After Puigdemont’s arrest, Aragones joined the chorus of condemnation and even went to Sardinia in a show of support.

But he didn’t cut ties with Madrid and was quick to defend dialogue with Sanchez’s minority government, which ERC has been supporting in parliament.

“It would be very costly for him to backtrack now because the strategy defended by JxC is precisely that: one of confrontation and not negotiation,” said political scientist Cardenal.

“What the average voter wants is for their problems to be solved,” she said, because “we are beginning to see that (the ongoing separatist crisis) is costing the Catalan economy”.

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POLITICS

Qatar emir visits Spain as EU eyes gas alternatives

Qatar's emir began a state visit to Spain on Tuesday as Europe seeks to diversify its natural gas supply sources to reduce its energy dependence on Russia.

Qatar emir visits Spain as EU eyes gas alternatives

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani was welcomed by King Felipe VI at Madrid’s royal palace at the start of his two-day visit, his first to Spain since he ascended the throne in 2013.

The emir, who is accompanied by Qatar’s foreign and energy ministers, is scheduled to hold talks with Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez on Wednesday.

Spain and Qatar are expected to sign a dozen economic and commercial contracts during his visit, mainly regarding energy, according to a Spanish government source.

The visit comes as the European Union is aiming to cut its reliance on Russian gas by two-thirds this year due to Russia’s invasion of  Ukraine.

Russia currently supplies around 40 percent of Europe’s gas needs.

Qatar, which has the third-largest natural gas reserves in the world, is currently Spain’s fifth-biggest supplier of natural gas after the United States, Algeria, Nigeria and Egypt.

The country accounted for 4.4 percent of Spain’s total gas imports in April and the Spanish government hopes this share could increase.

“We are working closely with out European counterparts” on the long-term supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG), Qatar’s ambassador to Spain, Abdullah Al-Hamar, told Spanish daily 20 Minutos.

The emir of Qatar’s trip to Europe will also include visits to Germany, Britain, Slovenia and Switzerland, where he will attend the World Economic Forum which will run in the mountain resort of Davos from May 22nd-26th.

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