TRAVEL: Germany puts Spain and Netherlands on Covid ‘high incidence’ list

The German government has declared Spain and the Netherlands high incidence areas this Friday, meaning that most travellers will face new rules and restrictions when returning from both countries.

TRAVEL: Germany puts Spain and Netherlands on Covid 'high incidence' list
Holidaymakers enjoy the sunshine on S'Arenal beach in Mallorca on July 21st. Locals fear new travel restrictions could strike a blow to the tourist economy. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/ZUMA Press Wire | John-Patrick Morarescu

The move by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), effective on Tuesday, comes as Europe’s top economy tries to slow new cases in the face of the rapid spread of the highly contagious Delta variant at the height of the summer tourism season.

If an area is classified by the RKI as a ‘high incidence area’, anyone who hasn’t been fully vaccinated or has not recovered from Covid within the last six months has to quarantine for 10 days when returning  to Germany. The self-isolation period can only be shortened after five days with a negative test.

READ ALSO: TRAVEL: Germany to impose stricter quarantine and border checks for summer

The RKI said in a statement that Georgia was now also immediately listed among the high-incidence countries, those with new infection rates of 200 or more per 100,000 people in the past seven days, reported AFP. 

The rules are thought to particularly impact younger holidaymakers, many of whom have not yet been vaccinated. But even fully vaccinated parents could get into trouble if their children were made to quarantine for at least five days after returning from their trip abroad instead of attending school.

‘Another blow to tourism’

Spain’s tourism industry had hoped for a much stronger business recovery this summer because of rising rates of vaccination across Europe – but now there are fears that increased restrictions could drive German visitors away. 

READ ALSO: Why (and where) Germans are choosing to go on holiday by car this year

“This decision will mainly affect Mallorca and the rest of the Balearic Islands,” wrote local Mallorcan newspaper Última Hora on Friday. Regional daily Diario de Mallorca, meanwhile, described the reports of Spain’s change in status as “yet another blow to tourism”. 

In normal times, tourism contributes more than 12 percent to the Spanish gross domestic product (GDP). On the Balearic Islands, which include Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, and on the Canary Islands, it accounts for 35 percent of the economy and provides thousands of jobs.

Exploding infection rates in Spain and the Netherlands

Since the end of June, Covid numbers have skyrocketed practically everywhere in Spain. On July 11th, in light of spiralling infection rates, the German government moved Spain onto its ‘basic risk’ list, meaning travellers had to register on their re-entry into Germany after a trip.

READ ALSO: Germany declares whole of Spain a Covid ‘risk area’

Now – less than two weeks later – the country has one of the highest rates of infection in all of Europe. 

Around 475,000 new infections have been counted within the past month, while the 7-day incidence of infections per 100,000 people rose from 42 in June to 333 on Friday.

This puts the country well above the 200 mark at which Germany can declare a country to be a high-incidence area. In Mallorca alone, the incidence recently reached a peak of 365.

Meanwhile, in the Netherlands, the 7-day incidence is currently over 400, while in Amsterdam, the incidence soared beyond 700 over the past few weeks. The country was put on the ‘risk list’ just a week ago, on July 16th.

READ ALSO: Germany declares Greece and the Netherlands Covid ‘risk’ zones

Experts credit the Netherland’s hasty reopening of public life and the infectiousness of the Delta variant for the skyrocketing figures. For the past week, the country has consistently recorded more than 9,000 new infections per day.  


The consistently high numbers in both countries have led many to question why the Netherlands and Spain weren’t put on the high-incidence list sooner. According to the RKI website, however, exceeding the 200 mark means that a country will be more closely observed by health experts – rather than automatically put on the ‘high incidence’ list.  

“The decisive factor for the quantitative assessment are actual and stable trends in the infection process, not snapshots,” a spokesperson from the Foreign Office told RND.

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What you should know if you’re travelling to Spain in December

The rules, the least busy travel times, the strikes, the free travel deals, what you can’t check in - here’s what you need to know if you’re travelling to Spain in December or at Christmas.

What you should know if you're travelling to Spain in December

December is a busy travel period with many foreigners leaving Spain to celebrate Christmas with their families back in their home countries and many others travelling to Spain for a holiday or to spend time with their loved ones here.

Airline strikes and an increase in passengers could make travelling this winter a little more challenging, but here’s everything to need to know, so you can be prepared. 

According to Spain’s airport operator Aena, the number of airline tickets sold for travel to Spain over the winter season is set to exceed the number in 2019-2020, before the Covid-19 pandemic.

Also, last winter saw the rise of the Omicron variant and some countries introduced new restrictions, so many foreign residents decided not to go back to see their families over the holidays. This means that this year could see more people wanting to return after several years of not having celebrated together with their families. 

Therefore, airports could be particularly busy this December, so make sure you leave plenty of time for getting through security and passport control.

There is still one important Covid travel rule in Spain

Although the majority of Spain’s domestic and travel Covid-19 restrictions were lifted before the summer of 2022, one of the only rules that still remains in place is the obligation of wearing a face mask on public transport.

This includes aeroplanes, buses, trains, taxis and some ferries, but mask wearing isn’t compulsory at airports, ports or bus and train stations.

As things stand, the general rule is that cabin crew from all airlines have to tell passengers on planes bound to Spain that they have to wear masks.

If on the other hand the aircraft is flying out of Spain, the mask rules of the country which the plane is flying to apply, which in almost all cases means face coverings aren’t required.

Spain’s flagship airline Iberia has criticised the Spanish government’s ongoing mask requirement for passengers on planes bound to the country, stressing that it “doesn’t make any sense” and “it affects tourism”.

Although it is no longer compulsory to present a negative Covid-19 test to fly, Spanish health and airport authorities ask that anyone with Covid-19 symptoms avoid travel.

It is no longer necessary either for travellers to fill in health control forms before flying to Spain as was previously the case, and there are no bans or restrictions on non-EU or other specific countries.

Which are the least busy days for travelling to Spain in December?

According to flight search engine Skyscanner, which has analysed nine million searches for people looking to travel to Spain over the festive period, some of the quietest days to travel to Spain are from the 18th to the 23rd, with the 23rd being the least popular before Christmas.

If you’re wanting to fly to Spain after Christmas, however, you’ll find it even quieter on December 28th, as well as January 1st, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 7th. You may find Spanish cities to be fairly busy however as December 6th and 8th are public holidays.

Conversely, the most popular days to travel are between December 12th and the 17th, so avoid those days if you want to avoid the crowds. 

Who is travelling to Spain this December? 

According to new data released by Spain’s Tourism Ministry, during the last month of the year, 7,066,101 people have booked seats, which implies a recovery of 97.4 percent compared to the same month of 2019. 

Forecasts for the early December holidays reveal that Italians, Germans and French are the main tourists who will be visiting Spain. During the puentes and public holidays on December 6th and 8th, Italians will make up the majority of tourists travelling to Spain (23 percent), followed by Germans (17 percent), French (16 percent), British (10 percent) and finally the Portuguese (6 percent).

Airline strikes

Several airline strikes have also been called for this winter, mainly involving low-cost airlines Vueling and Ryanair.

The Vueling strikes are due to take place on Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays, Mondays and public holidays. They began on November 1st 2022 and will run right through the Christmas period to January 31st 2023.

Specifically, this means that those travelling on December 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 9th,10th and 11th may be affected by cancellations. 

Additional days that will be affected include December 24th, 31st and January 5th 2023, affecting those passengers who plan on travelling for Christmas Day, New Year’s Eve and Three Kings’ Day.

The workers are demanding a wage increase in line with the rise in prices due to inflation, as well as protesting over the precarious work conditions that have been experienced within the sector since even before the pandemic.  

Many passengers are currently being offered alternative flights, refunds or other compensation if their flights are cancelled. 

Ryanair baggage handlers and on-the-ground staff have also been striking and will continue to do so until January 7th, 2023.

It’s likely these airports will include Alicante, Barcelona, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca and Seville, however, it’s worth noting that Ryanair has said that it doesn’t expect this strike to cause that much disruption.

Bringing food and goods in from the UK and other non-EU countries

One of the advantages of going back to your home country for Christmas is not only to see your friends and family but also to stock up on treats and ingredients you’ve missed while living in Spain. Think mince pies, custard powder and Marmite for those going back to the UK.

But as this is the second Christmas since Brexit came into force, many may still not be totally aware of what they’re now allowed to bring to Spain from non-EU countries.

The EU’s strict rules mean that all imports of animal-derived products are not allowed. This means no Christmas puddings with suet, no British bacon and blocks and Wensleydale or Cheddar cheese to bring back with you.

If you want to know exactly what you can and can’t bring in this Christmas, read our detailed guide here

Bringing food from Spain into the UK, is a little easier as you’re still allowed to bring in EU products, so packets of jamón and Manchego cheese are ok to take.

Travel within Spain

Those who are planning on travelling within Spain this Christmas, either to visit friends and family or simply for the fun of travel should know that there are currently lots of travel discounts, particularly on trains.

Multi-journey tickets are currently free on Cercanías, Rodalies and Media Distancia trains and are worth paying the €10 or €20 deposit for if you’re going to be making the same journey several times during your trip.


For example, if you’re planning on spending the holiday in the small Catalan town of Sitges, but know that you’ll be making several trips to Barcelona during that time for sightseeing, shopping or eating out, then it could be worth it.

Unfortunately, the free tickets are not available on long-distance trains, but you can still get a bargain on these this winter as Spain’s new low-cost train operator Iryo recently launched.

This means that you can get tickets from Madrid to Barcelona as well as Valencia and Málaga for an average of €18 each.