For members


Reader question: How do I prove I have recovered from Covid in Spain?

As Spain starts to open up to international travellers and prepares its Covid passports to ease travel, we have further information on how people can prove they have recovered from Covid-19 here. 

spain recovery certificate covid

Reader question: I have had and recovered from Covid-19. I understand that being recovered from Covid is accepted as proof on Spain’s ‘Covid passport’ – but how do I prove that?

On Monday June 7th, Spain officially opened up to vaccinated non-EU/Schengen Zone travellers from around the world, following a last-minute government bulletin which laid out the conditions. 

For people in the EU/Schengen Zone, June 7th was also supposed to be the date when Spain’s ‘Covid passport’ (no official name yet) was expected to be made available to them, although the latest reports suggest its technical implementation isn’t quite ready yet.

This health passport, which will work together with the EU’s upcoming Green Covid Certificate, will facilitate travel across the EU for people who can accredit they’ve been vaccinated against Covid-19 received a negative Covid test result or recovered from Covid-19. 

On Saturday June 5th, Spain released new information regarding how people in Spain and the EU can prove that they’ve recovered from Covid-19.

As expected, this can be proven in the form of a recovery certificate, (certificado de recuperación in Spanish). 

It must be issued by a competent authority or by a medical service at least 11 days after the performance of the first NAAT diagnostic test with a positive result.

A NAAT test, which stands for Nucleic Acid Amplification Test, is a type of viral diagnostic test for SARS-CoV-2. PCR, TMA and LAMP tests all fall under this category.

The validity of the certificate will end 180 days from the date this sample is taken, in other words the certificate can’t be older than 6 months. 

It can’t be used for travel in the 11 days following the date of the positive result.

This certificate or supporting document (vaccination, diagnostic test, recovery) must be the original and it has to be written in Spanish, English, French or German, otherwise it should be accompanied by an official translation into Spanish by an official body.

It can be presented either in its original paper or digital version. According to Spain’s Foreign Ministry, it should have a QR code 

The recovery certificate must include, at least, the following information:

  1. Name and surname of the recovered person.
  2. Date of sampling of the first positive diagnostic test for SARS-CoV-2.
  3. The type of NAAT test performed.
  4. Issuing country

As things stand, this recovery certificate is one of the documents people within the EU can show to travel within the bloc. 

This is not an available option for those wanting to travel to Spain from third countries, as for now only those who can show a vaccination certificate are allowed entry (with the exception of several low risk countries). 

Until Spain’s ‘Covid passports’ are officially launched, the health control form process remains in place, which you can access here.


Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.


Spain rules out EU’s advice on compulsory Covid-19 vaccination 

Spain’s Health Ministry said Thursday there will be no mandatory vaccination in the country following the European Commission’s advice to Member States to “think about it” and Germany’s announcement that it will make vaccines compulsory in February.

Spain rules out EU's advice on compulsory Covid-19 vaccination 
A Spanish man being vaccinated poses with a custom-made T-shirt showing Spain's chief epidimiologist Fernando Simón striking a 'Dirty Harry/Clint Eastwood' pose over the words "What part of keep a two-metre distance don't you understand?' Photo: José Jordan

Spain’s Health Minister Carolina Darias on Thursday told journalists Covid-19 vaccines will continue to be voluntary in Spain given the “very high awareness of the population” with regard to the benefits of vaccination.

This follows the words of European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen on Thursday, urging Member States to “think about mandatory vaccination” as more cases of the Omicron variant are detected across Europe. 

READ ALSO: Is Spain proving facts rather than force can convince the unvaccinated?

“I can understand that countries with low vaccine coverage are contemplating this and that Von der Leyen is considering opening up a debate, but in our country the situation is absolutely different,” Darias said at the press conference following her meeting with Spain’s Interterritorial Health Council.

According to the national health minister,  this was also “the general belief” of regional health leaders of each of Spain’s 17 autonomous communities she had just been in discussion with over Christmas Covid measures. 

READ MORE: Spain rules out new restrictions against Omicron variant

Almost 80 percent of Spain’s total population is fully vaccinated against Covid-19, a figure which is around 10 percent higher if looking at those who are eligible for the vaccine (over 12s). 

It has the highest vaccination rate among Europe’s most populous countries.

Germany announced tough new restrictions on Thursday in a bid to contain its fourth wave of Covid-19 aimed largely at the country’s unvaccinated people, with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel speaking in favour of compulsory vaccinations, which the German parliament is due to vote on soon.

Austria has also already said it will make Covid-19 vaccines compulsory next February, Belgium is also considering it and Greece on Tuesday said it will make vaccination obligatory for those over 60.

But for Spain, strict Covid-19 vaccination rules have never been on the table, having said from the start that getting the Covid-19 jabs was voluntary. 

There’s also a huge legal implication to imposing such a rule which Spanish courts are unlikely to look on favourably. 

Stricter Covid restrictions and the country’s two states of alarm, the first resulting in a full national lockdown from March to May 2020, have both been deemed unconstitutional by Spain’s Constitutional Court. 

READ ALSO: Could Spain lock down its unvaccinated or make Covid vaccines compulsory?

The Covid-19 health pass to access indoor public spaces was also until recently consistently rejected by regional high courts for breaching fundamental rights, although judges have changed their stance favouring this Covid certificate over old Covid-19 restrictions that affect the whole population.

MAP: Which regions in Spain now require a Covid health pass for daily affairs?

“In Spain what we have to do is to continue vaccinating as we have done until now” Darias added. 

“Spaniards understand that vaccines are not only a right, they are an obligation because we protect others with them”.

What Spanish health authorities are still considering is whether to vaccinate their 5 to 11 year olds after the go-ahead from the European Medicines Agency, with regions such as Madrid claiming they will start vaccinating their young children in December despite there being no official confirmation from Spain’s Vaccine Committee yet.

READ MORE: Will Spain soon vaccinate its children under 12?

Spain’s infection rate continues to rise day by day, jumping 17 points up to 234 cases per 100,000 people on Thursday. There are now also five confirmed cases of the Omicron variant in the country, one through community transmission.

Hospital bed occupancy with Covid patients has also risen slightly nationwide to 3.3 percent, as has ICU Covid occupancy which now stands at 8.4 percent, but the Spanish government insists these figures are “almost three times lower” than during previous waves of the coronavirus pandemic.