SHARE
COPY LINK

JOBS

Fixed contract after six months: How Spain plans to solve job instability for its temporary workers 

The Spanish government is trying to address the precariousness of the country's job market by shortening the maximum length of temporary work contracts so that these employees can access fixed positions sooner.

How Spain plans to fix job instability for its temporary workers
Photo: Gabriel Buoys/AFP

Spain’s Labour Ministry has presented a draft proposal to the unions and business associations which aims to give temporary workers better working rights and job stability.

This is a big problem in a country where around a quarter of work contracts are temporary, in large part due to the seasonal nature of Spain’s all-important tourism industry.

The standout feature of the draft bill headed by Spanish Labour Minister and third vice president Yolanda Díaz is the proposed maximum new length of temporary contracts: six months or one year at the most.

Obra y servicio job contracts, which up to now could run for up to four years (three years which can be extended for another year), would cease to exist. These ‘work and service’ contracts are temporary agreements through which an employer can hire a worker to carry out a specific service within the company with no fixed end date, so the employer can end it whenever they want and without prior notice.

If the Labour Ministry’s measure is approved, it would mean that the 1.5 million people in Spain who are currently on this type of temporary contract would be able to request a fixed contract with no end date after a year in the role, if the company in question wanted to keep using their services.  

In essence, the Spanish government wants to make fixed job contracts the norm, known as  contratos indefinidos in Spanish. “The employment contract would be assumed to be an indefinido one,” reads the ministerial draft bill. 

They would have a limit of six months, which in exceptions where there are sector-wide collective agreements, could be extended to one year maximum. 

Under their new plans, temporary contracts would ideally only be drawn up in two scenarios.

Firstly, for reasons of productivity during periods of peak demand, but this would not apply to temporary employees carrying out normal and permanent work activity for the business. Seasonal or summer workers couldn’t go on temporary job contracts either, they would need to be on fijo discontinuo contracts.  

If the length of the temporary contract agreed between worker and employer is less than the legal maximum, it could be extended without exceeding that twelve-month limit.

And secondly, for organisation purposes to temporarily replace workers who have a right to hold on to their jobs (maternity leave, unpaid leave). If the original employee did not return after 24 months of absence, the substitute worker (interino) would have the right to the position and a fixed contract. 

If Spain approves the bill, employees in fixed positions who were laid off or left their jobs willingly couldn’t be replaced with substitute workers or employees on temporary contracts; they would have to get a fixed indefinido contract as well. 

The draft law also suggests that if an employee has been on several temporary job contracts which add up to 24 months over a 30-month period, they should automatically become a fixed contract employee.

The main types of temporary contracts in Spain currently are the interinidad contract for the temporary replacement of a returning worker, the obra y servicio contract, the eventual temporary contract due to production circumstances, the formación y prácticas training contract.

READ MORE:

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members

BARCELONA

How much does it really cost to live in Barcelona?

Barcelona is one of the most popular cities for foreigners to move to in Spain, but it's also among the most expensive. Long-time Barcelona resident Esme Fox explains exactly how much you'll need to live in the Catalan capital.

How much does it really cost to live in Barcelona?

Barcelona is made up of 10 different districts and each one of these has its own neighbourhoods, or barris as they’re called in Catalan.

Depending on which district or even which neighbourhood you live in, your cost of living will be very different in everything from rent to a simple cup of coffee.

Generally, the most expensive neighbourhoods are located in the centre and northwest of the city and some of the cheapest can be found in the outer-lying areas or to the east of the centre.

But wherever you live in the city it’s worth keeping in mind that the cost of living in Barcelona has risen by 31 percent in the last five years and rising rental prices are mostly to blame.

According to the annual report by the Metropolitan Area of ​​Barcelona (AMB), the minimum wage needed to be able to live comfortably in Barcelona is €1,435 gross per month.

But of course, it will depend on your living circumstances. According to the report, if you’re living on your own you will need around €1,553 per month, if you’re a single parent you will need €2,220 per month. A couple without children will each need to earn a minimum of €1,054.80 and a couple with two children needs two salaries of €1,547 each.

Map showing the ten districts that make up Barcelona.

Rent

Rent is your biggest expense in Barcelona and unfortunately, rental prices have been spiralling recently due to inflation, the return of tourism after Covid lockdowns and the ever-growing popularity of the city.

Cost of living website Numbeo states that the average rent for a one-bedroom apartment in the city centre is €1,031 and a one-bedroom apartment outside of the city centre is €795.

Those looking for somewhere slightly larger to rent will be forking out €1,672 for a three-bedroom apartment in the city centre and €1,299 for a three-bedroom apartment outside the centre.

If you’re prepared to rent a room in a shared apartment with others, this will cut your rental costs considerably. Apartment sharing website Badi states that the average price for a room in a shared apartment in Barcelona costs an average of €500.  

READ ALSO: What you should know about renting an apartment in Barcelona

Groceries

With inflation, the cost of groceries has soared in Barcelona in the past few months. Prices will depend on where you shop. Generally, chain supermarkets such as Mercadona are the cheapest, while larger supermarkets where you can also find important products such as Carrefour and El Corte Inglés are more expensive.

According to Expatistan, the average price for a litre of milk costs €0.93, 12 eggs cost €2.92 and 500g of cheese costs €5.76.

In terms and fruit and vegetables, Numbeo states that the average cost of1kg of tomatoes is €2.16, 1kg of apples costs €1.96 and 1kg of potatoes costs €1.33. While the same website gives the average price for chicken fillets as €7.09 and a bag of rice as €1.26. 

Eating out

Barcelonians love to eat out whether that’s going for tapas with friends, trying out a new international restaurant or going for brunch on a Sunday. It’s an important part of socialising in the Catalan capital, so you’ll want to budget to eat out a least a few times per month. 

Expatistan gives the price of dinner for two in a normal restaurant at €35, while Numbeo states that a combo meal at a chain or fast food place will set you back around €9.

A menú del día (menu of the day) costs an average of €17 in the centre or an expensive area of the city, while you can pay as little as €11 for 3 courses in the cheaper neighbourhoods.

Going out for a coffee will set you back around €2.08. Remember that it’s always cheaper to ask for a café con leche rather than a cappuccino. 

READ ALSO – Moving to Barcelona: A guide to the best neighbourhoods to live in

Going out, leisure and entertainment

Barcelona has a great entertainment scene, whether you want to listen to live music in small bar, go clubbing until the early hours of the morning, go on a date to the cinema or spend the night at the theatre.

A cinema ticket costs an average of €9, while you’ll pay €42.74 for a monthly gym membership in the city. 

A normal-sized glass of draught or bottled beer at a bar will be around €3 and a cocktail will be around €8-12.

Transport

Public transport in Barcelona is good and affordable. Metros, buses, trams and trains (Rodalies and FGC) all run throughout the city. A 10-journey ticket which can be used on all modes of transport for one zone currently costs €7.65 with the government’s 30 percent reduction, but is normally €11.35.

If you commute, you can get a monthly unlimited journey ticket for one zone called the T-Usual which normally costs €40, but currently is only €20 with government aid.

READ ALSO: The downsides of Barcelona you should be aware of before moving

SHOW COMMENTS