Spain’s Covid infection rate drops to ‘medium’ risk level for first time since March

Spain’s fortnightly infection rate has dropped below 150 cases per 100,000 inhabitants for the first time since the country’s fourth wave of the coronavirus began before Easter, Spain’s health ministry has revealed. 

Spain's Covid infection rate drops to 'medium' risk level for first time since March
Photo: Pau Barrena/AFP

Spain recorded a national average of 147.5 infections per 100,000 people on Tuesday, moving down from the “high” to the “medium” classification for infection risk set by Spanish and EU health authorities. 

The incidence of the virus has been falling for 21 consecutive days after reaching more than 250 cases per 100,000 people in half of Spain in mid April, the “extreme” risk category.

The graph below reflects Spain’s national fortnightly infection rate since the pandemic began.

The weekly infection rate (figures from the past seven days rather than two weeks) show an even lower rate of 60 cases per 100,000 people, with a drop of 6.7 percent from Monday to Tuesday alone.

By regions, the incidence of the virus has either dropped or remained the same in all regions except for Madrid (+4.4 percent increase), where the infection rate currently stands at 250 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, second only to the Basque Country’s 279 infections per 100,000 inhabitants.

Autonomous communities such as the Valencia region, the Balearics, the Canary Islands, Extremadura, Murcia, Galicia and Asturias all now have infection rates in the “low” risk category, below 100 cases out of 100,000 people over the past 2 weeks.

The Comunitat Valenciana continues to have the lowest incidence of the virus in all of Spain with just 29.6 infections per 100,000.

Spanish epidemiologists had predicted that Spain’s fourth wave of the virus would be less severe than previous ones, and the benefits of a more advanced vaccination campaign are being seen in the drop in deaths and hospitalisations. 

However, the virus is still far from going away. On Tuesday alone, there were almost 4,000 new infections reported at 70 deaths.  

A total of 6,568 people are currently in hospital with coronavirus, 1,774 of whom are in intensive care.


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Spain rules out EU’s advice on compulsory Covid-19 vaccination 

Spain’s Health Ministry said Thursday there will be no mandatory vaccination in the country following the European Commission’s advice to Member States to “think about it” and Germany’s announcement that it will make vaccines compulsory in February.

Spain rules out EU's advice on compulsory Covid-19 vaccination 
A Spanish man being vaccinated poses with a custom-made T-shirt showing Spain's chief epidimiologist Fernando Simón striking a 'Dirty Harry/Clint Eastwood' pose over the words "What part of keep a two-metre distance don't you understand?' Photo: José Jordan

Spain’s Health Minister Carolina Darias on Thursday told journalists Covid-19 vaccines will continue to be voluntary in Spain given the “very high awareness of the population” with regard to the benefits of vaccination.

This follows the words of European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen on Thursday, urging Member States to “think about mandatory vaccination” as more cases of the Omicron variant are detected across Europe. 

READ ALSO: Is Spain proving facts rather than force can convince the unvaccinated?

“I can understand that countries with low vaccine coverage are contemplating this and that Von der Leyen is considering opening up a debate, but in our country the situation is absolutely different,” Darias said at the press conference following her meeting with Spain’s Interterritorial Health Council.

According to the national health minister,  this was also “the general belief” of regional health leaders of each of Spain’s 17 autonomous communities she had just been in discussion with over Christmas Covid measures. 

READ MORE: Spain rules out new restrictions against Omicron variant

Almost 80 percent of Spain’s total population is fully vaccinated against Covid-19, a figure which is around 10 percent higher if looking at those who are eligible for the vaccine (over 12s). 

It has the highest vaccination rate among Europe’s most populous countries.

Germany announced tough new restrictions on Thursday in a bid to contain its fourth wave of Covid-19 aimed largely at the country’s unvaccinated people, with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel speaking in favour of compulsory vaccinations, which the German parliament is due to vote on soon.

Austria has also already said it will make Covid-19 vaccines compulsory next February, Belgium is also considering it and Greece on Tuesday said it will make vaccination obligatory for those over 60.

But for Spain, strict Covid-19 vaccination rules have never been on the table, having said from the start that getting the Covid-19 jabs was voluntary. 

There’s also a huge legal implication to imposing such a rule which Spanish courts are unlikely to look on favourably. 

Stricter Covid restrictions and the country’s two states of alarm, the first resulting in a full national lockdown from March to May 2020, have both been deemed unconstitutional by Spain’s Constitutional Court. 

READ ALSO: Could Spain lock down its unvaccinated or make Covid vaccines compulsory?

The Covid-19 health pass to access indoor public spaces was also until recently consistently rejected by regional high courts for breaching fundamental rights, although judges have changed their stance favouring this Covid certificate over old Covid-19 restrictions that affect the whole population.

MAP: Which regions in Spain now require a Covid health pass for daily affairs?

“In Spain what we have to do is to continue vaccinating as we have done until now” Darias added. 

“Spaniards understand that vaccines are not only a right, they are an obligation because we protect others with them”.

What Spanish health authorities are still considering is whether to vaccinate their 5 to 11 year olds after the go-ahead from the European Medicines Agency, with regions such as Madrid claiming they will start vaccinating their young children in December despite there being no official confirmation from Spain’s Vaccine Committee yet.

READ MORE: Will Spain soon vaccinate its children under 12?

Spain’s infection rate continues to rise day by day, jumping 17 points up to 234 cases per 100,000 people on Thursday. There are now also five confirmed cases of the Omicron variant in the country, one through community transmission.

Hospital bed occupancy with Covid patients has also risen slightly nationwide to 3.3 percent, as has ICU Covid occupancy which now stands at 8.4 percent, but the Spanish government insists these figures are “almost three times lower” than during previous waves of the coronavirus pandemic.