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CATALONIA

Why do Catalans have a reputation for being stingy?

Catalans have a reputation throughout Spain for being tight-fisted and miserly, particularly when it comes to money. Is there any truth to this stereotype and how did it come about?

Why do Catalans have a reputation for being stingy?
Photo: LLUIS GENE / AFP

In Spain, the word tacaño (stingy) is often thrown together with the word catalán when it comes to describing the people from the north-eastern region, but is this a fair assessment of their character? 

How did the stereotype come about?

According to Spanish national newspaper ABC, this stereotype dates all the way back to before the 14th century, and it was in fact Italians, not Spaniards, who started it all.

The Italian poet Dante Alighieri contributed to the stereotype of Catalans being miserly. Photo: Wikipedia

In his book Divine Comedy, published in 1320, Dante Alighieri (pictured above) wrote “If my brother could foresee this, he would avoid the greedy poverty of the Catalans, so as not to receive any harm”.

As seen from the quote by the Florentine poet, even back in medieval times, the best way to insult a Catalan was to talk about the fact that he kept his wallet firmly in his pocket.

This prejudice soon spread throughout Italy, particularly when Catalan merchants and soldiers came to rule over Sardinia in the 1400s.  

However, it wasn’t until the 18th century that this stereotype arrived in Spain. Because of its strategic position, on the coast and close to the rest of Europe, Catalonia became a very wealthy region and was home to many merchants. It was customary that the second son of well-off Catalan families would dedicate himself to commerce and trade. 

READ ALSO: The good, the bad and the ugly – What are the regional stereotypes across Spain?

“The people of Spain knew the Catalans for their commercial activity, in the same way that the Castilians were identified as civil servants and lawyers”, explains Ángel Puertas, author of the book Cataluña vista por un madrileño (“Catalonia as seen by a person from Madrid”), which seeks to dispel some of the common clichés about the Catalans.

As a result, they were often seen as being rich, and to rub them up the wrong way during arguments, the Spanish would call them stingy and compare them to Europe’s Jewish moneylenders, who suffered the same stigma at the time for being miserly.  

Photo: Constituciones catalanas, Barcelona. Artists: Pedro Michel and Diego de Gumiel, 1495.

Is there any truth to the stereotype?

So, is the just an unfair prejudice that dates back over the centuries or does it have any truth in modern society?

A study by Spain’s Sociological Research Centre (CIS) stated in 1995 that 35 percent of Spaniards from outside Catalonia considered Catalans “stingy”, while only 15 percent of them applied that character trait to themselves. Needless to say, there’s no evidence CIS has carried out any similar studies since, perhaps because they don’t exactly help to debunk stereotypes or lessen animosity between regions.

It’s probably true that even in 2021 the catalán tacaño cliché is mainly perpetuated by Spaniards from other regions, but what do Catalonia’s foreign residents think? Do they agree with the label?

Venezuelan Barcelona resident Karina Cova told The Local Spain that she agrees that the stereotype sometimes rings true. “Even amongst my Catalan friends, whenever we talk about money or try to split the bill and I tell someone, now you owe me or I owe you, they tell me that I sound like a Catalan,” she says.

“I am also currently planning my wedding and many of my friends are asking me if I’m going to do it the Catalan way, where each guest pays for their own meal,” Cova told The Local.

Another foreign Barcelona resident who preferred to remain anonymous told The Local Spain that she can attest to this after she attended a wedding of a local Catalan friend and was expected to pay for the €150 menu on the big day. 

Catalonia resident Marco, who’s originally from the Canary Islands, also believes that the saying is true. “I have a Catalan friend who keeps an Excel spreadsheet, detailing every single euro he is owed or owes to others,” he says.

Barcelona Chamber of Commerce President Miquel Valls thinks that the Catalans are not stingy at all, and are actually very generous.

“This is constantly seen through our solidarity campaigns,” Valls is quoted as saying in local news site Catalan News, noting that Catalonia is one of the European regions that gives the most through NGO aid to third world countries.

“Catalans are also hard-working and thrifty,” he says, adding that the stereotype is just the root of a historical myth.

Catalonia is Spain’s second economic region, just slightly behind Madrid, making up 19 percent of the GDP. Because of this, Catalonia reportedly pays a higher level of tax than other poorer Spanish regions. Many Catalans cite this as an example of why they are in fact generous and not miserly at all, including Valls.

But could this same fact, be one of the reasons why the rest of Spain might still see them as stingy today?

What does The Local Spain’s Catalonia reporter think?

“Catalans generally think they pay more taxes than the rest of Spain and I do think there’s plenty of truth to it,” Barcelona-based journalist Esme Fox writes.

“But it’s also true that this is one of the reasons (among many other complicated ones) that many want Catalonia to become an independent nation. Some Catalans feel that Spain is robbing Catalonia of its wealth and that they would be better off managing their own finances and their own country. 

Image: kirillslov / Pixabay

“As a foreigner living in Catalonia myself, I haven’t noticed Catalans being particularly stingy at all, in fact, there have been many times when they have been overly generous to me. A Catalan client I worked for would always give me gifts when it was a special occasion, and invite me round for dinner.

“Another Catalan offered to give me an additional service for free when she knew I couldn’t decide because of the extra expense involved.  

“Of course, we can find many examples of both stingy and generous Catalans, just like we can find many examples of this from people all over the world, so could it just simply be the historical context that gives the Catalans this bad name?”.

Next time you’re in Catalonia, try being extra generous to someone and see what happens, most likely you’ll find that it’s reciprocated. 

Member comments

  1. I have been living in Catalonia now for 15 years, through relatively economically sound times and through financially hard times. My Catalan friends (around 50% of my social circle) have been nothing but extremely generous, not only with money but with their time, their love and their concern. If I have come across the so-called “stingy” Catalan it is in commerce and business/client relations. It has only happened occasionally. I would dispute the notion that the Catalans are stingy: careful perhaps but not stingy.

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MONEY

How much can I save on my Spanish electricity bill now that VAT has been cut?

With welcome news that Spain will cut VAT on electricity from 10 percent to five percent to shield consumers from soaring inflation, how much can you expect to actually save?

How much can I save on my Spanish electricity bill now that VAT has been cut?

On Wednesday June 22nd Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez announced a further reduction in VAT on electricity prices.

Speaking to the Spanish parliament, Sánchez explained that the VAT reduction, from 10 percent to five percent, would be approved at a cabinet meeting this weekend.

But this isn’t the first time that the Spanish government has taken direct action to tackle skyrocketing electricity prices.

Last year it also slashed the VAT rate on electricity 21 percent to 10 percent to try and soften impact of rising electricity price rises on consumers facing price increases across the board.

Facing criticism for his government’s record on helping consumers, Sánchez blamed “a war at the gates of Europe” for the rises, and said the latest cut will form part of a package of measures to try and stem the effects of inflation, which hit a staggering 8.7 percent in May, the highest level in Spain for decades.

READ MORE: Spain to cut electricity tax by half to ease inflation pain

But how much can you actually expect to save on your electricity bill following the news?

How much will I save?

While a cut to the VAT rate paid on electricity is welcome, in reality it seems the difference to electricity bills will be minimal.

According to experts, lowering VAT from 10 to 5 percent will mean savings of around €4 a month for households with an average consumption (270 kWH per month and a contracted power of 4 kW) on the regulated market.

Let’s look at an example. A household with consumption at 270 kWH per month would have paid €95.43 in the last 31 days. If VAT had been applied at 5 percent, as it will be under the government’s proposed cut, their monthly bill would have worked out €4.30 cheaper.

For comparison, if the government had not stepped in at all and no tax reductions of any kind had been applied, that same receipt would have been €109.6. 

How much will it cost the government?

Cutting VAT, although welcome and much needed by most consumers at the moment, does come at a cost. Officials from the Hacienda believe that lowering VAT to 5 percent will cost the public coffers up to €460 million in the next three months alone. 

Hacienda estimates that the government has so far spent €3.8 billion on all tax cuts to lower electricity bills.

Is it enough?

Is another VAT cut enough to recoup the difference and negate rising prices? Simply put, if wholesale electricity prices (something the Spanish government has no control over) continue to rise at the rate they have been, the prices passed onto the consumer will most likely make the cuts to VAT negligible.

At the start of June, the daily price of electricity began at €210/Mwh, but by this week this Thursday it had already climbed to €272/mWH – a 29.5 percent spike since the beginning of the month equivalent to €62 extra on bills.

With no end to war in Ukraine or the volatility on the energy market in sight, the Spanish government is searching for ways to ease the burden on consumers. Labour Minister Yolanda Díaz recently proposed slashing the price of monthly public transit passes by 50 percent and offering €300 to people hit hardest by rising prices.

READ MORE: Spain eyes €300 handouts for most vulnerable and further fuel reductions

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