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ECONOMY

Where in Spain have the most jobs been lost in the coronavirus?

New data has just been published that reveals just how devastating the coronavirus crisis has been on the Spanish economy.

Where in Spain have the most jobs been lost in the coronavirus?
Photo: AFP

Over 600,000 jobs have been lost across Spain since the pandemic hit a year ago pushing the unemployment rate above 16 percent to over 3.7 million.

Add to that the number of workers who are currently furloughed under a scheme that has been extended yet again until May. Currently around 700,000 people fall under the ERTE and are therefore not included in unemployment figures but when the scheme ends many of those workers may find themselves joining the queue at the job centre.

This map below shows the unemployment rate in different regions of Spain, the darker the colour the higher the jobless rate. It reveals a very clear north-south divide in Spain. 

Comparing 2020 with 2019 the worst affected regions were not surprisingly those where tourism contributes a large part to the economy.

The Canary Islands saw the biggest variation in the number of people in employment with a 12 percent drop while across the Balearic Islands those employed dropped by 8.1 percent.

 

Not surprisingly either, the number of people out of work rose spectacularly in tourist hotspots. 

The report shows that unemployment by year end rose by 75 percent in the Balearic Islands, by 36 percent in Madrid, by 32 percent in Catalonia and by 28 percent in the Canary Islands.

But unemployment actually fell in those areas that didn’t see huge infection rates during the second wave. Extremadura saw its unemployment drop by 10 percent on a year early and Murcia’s unemployment fell by 4.69 percent. 

Galicia has also seen its unemployment rate drop by 2.16 percent.

While the national rate of unemployment currently stands at 16.13 percent, it rises to 40.13 percent among under-25 year-olds. 

 

READ MORE:  Just how bad will Spain's recession be in wake of coronavirus crisis?

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ECONOMY

Spain’s middle-class youngsters the most likely to end up poor across all EU

Spain leads the ranking of EU countries with the highest risk of young people ending up in poverty as adults, despite coming from families without economic difficulties.

Spain is the fourth EU country with the highest inherited poverty
Spain is EU country with most middle-class young people who end up poor. Photo: Jaime ALEKOS / AFP

Spain is also the fourth EU country with the highest rate of inherited poverty risk, according to Eurostat, the EU Statistical Office.

Data on intergenerational poverty indicates that there is a correlation between the financial situation of the household you grew up in and the risk of being poor when you reach adulthood and in Spain, there is a strong link. 

The latest statistics available from 2019 show that the at-risk-of-poverty rate for the EU was 23 percent among adults aged 25 to 59 who grew up in a poor financial situation at home when they were 14 years old. This is 9.6 percentage points more than those who come from families without financial problems (13.4 percent). 

READ ALSO: Spain’s inflation soars to 29-year high

How the situation in Spain compares with the EU

Spain has become the EU country with the highest risk of poverty among adults who grew up in families with a good financial situation  – 16.6 percent.

This was followed by Latvia with 16 percent and Italy with 15.9 percent.

That statistics also show the countries where it is less likely to be poor after growing up in households without economic difficulties. These include the Czech Republic (5.9 percent), Slovakia (7.9 percent) and Finland (8.5 percent).

The overall poverty rate in the EU decreased by 0.1 percentage points between 2011 (13.5 percent) and 2019 (13.4 percent), but the largest increases were seen in Denmark (1.9 points more), Portugal (1.8 points), the Netherlands (1.7 points) and Spain (1.2 points).  

On the other hand, the biggest decreases in the poverty rate were seen in Croatia (-4 percent), Lithuania (-3.6 percent), Slovakia (-3.5 percent) and Ireland (-3.2 percent).

READ ALSO: Spain’s government feels heat as economic recovery lags

Inherited poverty

The stats revealed that Spain was also the fourth country with the highest rate of inherited poverty risk (30 percent), only behind Bulgaria (40.1 percent), Romania (32.7 percent) and Italy (30.7 percent).

This means that children of poor parents in Spain are also likely to be poor in adulthood. 

The countries with the lowest rate of inherited poverty risk were the Czech Republic (10.2 percent), Denmark (10.3 percent) and Finland (10.5 percent).

The average risk-of-poverty rate for the EU increased by 2.5 percentage points between 2011 (20.5 percent) and 2019 (23 percent), with the largest increases seen in Bulgaria (6 points more), Slovakia and Romania (4.3 points), Italy (4.2 points) and Spain (4.1 points).

The biggest drops were seen in Latvia (-8.5 points), Estonia (-8.0 points) and Croatia (-2.3 points). 

The largest gaps in people at risk of poverty when they reach adulthood were in Bulgaria (27.6 percentage points more among those who belong to families with a poor economic situation as teenagers compared to those who grew up in wealthy households), Romania (17.1), Italy (14.8), Greece (13.5) and Spain (13.4).

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