One adult female bear was shot dead by accident after reportedly being mistaken for a wild boar by a hunter in a conservation zone in the Palentina mountains near the town of Ventanilla in Castilla y Leon on Sunday lunchtime.
Another female bear, known as Sarousse, was killed apparently in self-defence by a hunter who disturbed the animal while hunting for wild boar in the Bardaji valley in the Robagorza region of the Spanish Pyrenees.
The hunter responsible told police that he had no choice but to shoot the bear as it approached him in an “aggressive manner” when it was disturbed by dogs flushing out boar during the hunt.
Sarousse was a 21-year-old bear that had been captured in Slovenia and re-released into the wild on the French side of the Pyrenees in 2006 in a conservation programme aimed at boosting a population that was facing extinction.
Since 2010 she had established a territory on the Spanish side of the mountain range but was described by one local newspaper in Aragon, El Heraldo, as “a lonely bear who unfortunately was of little use to the bear population as she bore no cubs and lived an isolated life in the Turbón massif, far from other concentrations of bear popultions in the region”.
She is thought to have been responsible for frequent raids on local farms where she killed at least four sheep this year and raided at least ten beehives, the newspaper reported.
Investigations into both deaths have been opened by Se`rona, the wildlife unit of the Guardia Civil.
The deaths raised questions over the issuing of hunting licences within conservation habitats which are known to be home to the endangered species.
ℹ️ Muere la osa Sarousse como consecuencia de un disparo.
— Gobierno de Aragón (@GobAragon) November 29, 2020
A tweet from the Oso Pardo Foundation lamented that it was “a dark day” for the conservation of the Brown Bears which in 2019 were thought to numberaround 330 bears in the Cantabrian Mountains and more than 50 in the Pyrenees.
Día aciago hoy para la conservación del oso pardo. Han muerto dos osas en sendas cacerías, una en la Montaña Palentina, y la osa Sarousse en los Pirineos aragoneses.
N.P de @jcyl ?https://t.co/nBb4qQNkvu
N.P de @GobAragon ?https://t.co/wDkN4ofTeq
— Fundación Oso Pardo (@fundacionoso) November 29, 2020
Two other brown bears have been killed this year. the cadavre of one male named Cachou was found at the bottom of a cliff in the Aran valley in Catalonia, and a man was arrested earlier in November after an investigation determined that the animal had in fact been poisoned.
While in France in June, the body of a bear that had been shot was discovered in Ariège.
But on a happy note, six new litters were recorded this spring with a total of 12 bear cubs.