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TERRORISM

Three men to stand trial for aiding in Barcelona terror attack

Three men go on trial at Spain's top criminal court Tuesday for helping the perpetrators of twin jihadist attacks in 2017 that killed 16 in Barcelona and a nearby seaside town.

Three men to stand trial for aiding in Barcelona terror attack
Someone lays flowers on Las Ramblas in Barcelona on the third anniversary of the attacks. Photo: Josep Lago/AFP
The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the bloodshed which left another 140 people wounded on August 17 and 18 in Barcelona and Cambrils, a resort 100 kilometres (60 miles) to the south.
   
When the trial opens at the National Court in Madrid, the trio will enter the dock facing charges of helping the attackers, one of whom rammed a van into pedestrians on Barcelona's Las Ramblas boulevard, killing 14 people.
   
The driver then went on the run, killing another person, and was shot dead by police several days later.
   
One day after the first attack, five of the driver's accomplices staged a second attack in Cambrils, ramming pedestrians and stabbing a woman who died of her injuries. All five were shot dead by police.
 
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Two of the defendants are accused of belonging to the jihadist cell while the third is on trial for collaborating with the group.
   
Prosecutors are seeking a 41-year prison term for Mohamed Houli Chemlal, who is on trial for belonging to a jihadist group, the manufacture and possession of explosives and conspiracy to wreak havoc.
   
Chemlal, 23, told investigators they had been planning attacks “on an even greater scale”, with Barcelona's Sagrada Familia basilica, the stadium of the Barcelona football club or the Eiffel Tower in Paris among the suspected targets.
   
But an accidental explosion at a house in Alcanar, a coastal town between Barcelona and Valencia where the cell had been preparing explosives, pushed them to hurriedly improvise the two attacks.
 
 
Quietly radicalised
 
Chemlal survived the blast, but it killed Abdelbaki Es Satty, a 44-year-old imam from the sleepy northern town of Ripoll who was allegedly responsible for radicalising the youngsters.
   
Driss Oukabir, 31, whose brother was one of the attackers, is facing the same charges as Chemlal, with prosecutors calling for a 36-year jail sentence for renting the van used in the Barcelona attack.
   
Prosecutors also want an eight-year jail term for Said Ben Iazza, 27, for collaborating with a terror group and lending them his van and ID.   
 
But prosecutors have not charged any of them with direct responsibility.
   
“For us, someone who is part of the cell is just as responsible as the person who carries out the attack,” said Robert Manrique, an adviser to UAVAT, a support group representing 72 victims at the trial.
   
But Luis Alvarez Collado, who is representing Oukabir, said he would ask for an acquittal.
   
“The fact that he hired a van doesn't mean he knew it was going to be used to carry out the attack,” he told AFP, adding that Oukabir turned himself in after the attacks.
 
 
Questions unanswered
 
The attacks traumatised Spanish society but were quickly overtaken by the political maelstrom that followed in Catalonia, whose regional leaders staged a failed independence bid in October 2017 that triggered Spain's worst political crisis in decades.
   
Many questions about the attacks remain unanswered to this day. How did the radicalisation of these young men go unnoticed? Did they have help from abroad from earlier trips to France, Belgium or Morocco? And why was Es Satty, the imam from Ripoll who was known to the security forces, not being watched?
   
“We understand that there must have been mistakes made and we need to find out what those were… let's figure out what failed so it never happens again. That's at the heart of the trial,” Manrique said.
   
Javier Martinez, whose three-year-old son was killed in the attack on Las Ramblas, agrees that there are urgent questions that need answering.
   
“I will never get back the life of my son, no-one can bring him back… but the threat is still there, as we've seen in France and Austria,” he said, referring to a string of recent Islamist attacks in Paris, Nice and Vienna.
   
“If we don't investigate what went wrong and what needs to be improved, people will keep on dying,” he told AFP.

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TERRORISM

Three suspected jihadists held in Barcelona

A court in Spain on Monday remanded in custody three suspected members of Islamic State arrested last week in Barcelona, including an Algerian man who had fought for the Islamist group in Iraq.

Three suspected jihadists held in Barcelona
Archive photo of a suspected jihadist arrested near Barcelona. Photo: AFP

Spanish authorities began their investigation after becoming aware just before Christmas that the “potentially dangerous” Algerian man was in Spain, police said in a statement.   

The man, a “jihadist” who had fought for the Islamic State group in Iraq, was arrested at a building occupied by squatters in Barcelona's seaside neighbourhood of Barceloneta, the statement added.

Police detained two other Algerian men as part of the operation, one suspected of giving him “logistical support” in Spain and another described by police as has “acolyte”.

The operation was carried out in cooperation with European Union law enforcement agency Europol and the FBI, as well as the intelligence services of Spain and Algeria, the statement said.

The three men appeared before a court on Monday where the presiding judge ordered they be remanded in custody on suspicion of membership in a terrorist organisation.

Their arrest comes as the trial of three men accused of helping the jihadists behind the August 2017 attacks in Barcelona and a nearby town that killed 16 people is wrapping up at a court near Madrid.

The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the attacks, one of which involved a van ramming people in the centre of Barcelona.   

While none of the three men on trial are charged with direct responsibility, they are in the dock for helping the attackers, who were all shot dead by police.

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