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COVID-19

The charts that show the state of the Covid-19 pandemic in Spain

From new infections to the positivity rate, there are a lot of numbers to keep track of when it comes to following the coronavirus.

The charts that show the state of the Covid-19 pandemic in Spain
Photo: AFP

These graphs and maps give you some of the most essential data for understanding how the pandemic is developing in Spain.

How many cases have been reported?

Spain was the first country in western Europe to reach one million confirmed cases, a grim milestone it reached earlier this month, although Pedro Sanchez said that in all likelihood more than 3 million Spaniards had actually been infected with Covid-19.

The current accumulative figure of confirmed cases in 1,136,503 as of data reported on October 28 of which 35,466 people died after testing positive to the virus.

 

The average daily rise in confirmed cases aross Spain can be tracked on this graph below.

 

How many people are dying from coronavirus in Spain?

The total number of officially confirmed deaths from coronavirus in Spain since the start of the pandemic currently stands at 35,466 However, this figure only includes those cases which tested positive in tests and the true number is thought to be closer to 55,000.

According to released on Tuesday by Spain's health ministry, the number of deaths reported in the previous 24 hours stands at 267, although this is a new high in the second wave it is still a fry cry from the peak seen in the first wave when on April 3rd 950 deaths were recorded. 

How many tests are being done?

Part of the reason so many new cases are being detected is that Spain has been increasing its testing capability and has now carried out 12.6 million PCR tests in total.

An average of 116,209 tests are now being performed per day across the whole of Spain, the most since the start of the pandemic.

Small blue diamond

This graph shows how testing has increased since the start of April when testing was extended beyond those being treated in hospital for suspected Covid-19:

These four charts below effectively show the surge in the number of cases diagnosed, hospitalizations and those requiring ICU treatment, and deaths since the end of lockdown in Spain week by week.

Week by week numbers are worth comparing with 75,188 in the week ending October 28th, compared to 64,272 in the week ending September 22nd compared to 40,427 cases for the week ending 24th August, a month earlier.

 

The 14-day cumulative number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants in Spain now stands at 436.47, the second highest in the EU after France with 680.6 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

But the accumulative incident rate differs from region to region as these charts below show. They illustrate how some have been able to stem infections with recent measures while others are seeing infection rate rise.

This map produced by ElDiario allows you to check the cumulative incidence rate per municipality based on the epidemiological data produced by regional health authorities.

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COVID-19

Spain rules out EU’s advice on compulsory Covid-19 vaccination 

Spain’s Health Ministry said Thursday there will be no mandatory vaccination in the country following the European Commission’s advice to Member States to “think about it” and Germany’s announcement that it will make vaccines compulsory in February.

Spain rules out EU's advice on compulsory Covid-19 vaccination 
A Spanish man being vaccinated poses with a custom-made T-shirt showing Spain's chief epidimiologist Fernando Simón striking a 'Dirty Harry/Clint Eastwood' pose over the words "What part of keep a two-metre distance don't you understand?' Photo: José Jordan

Spain’s Health Minister Carolina Darias on Thursday told journalists Covid-19 vaccines will continue to be voluntary in Spain given the “very high awareness of the population” with regard to the benefits of vaccination.

This follows the words of European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen on Thursday, urging Member States to “think about mandatory vaccination” as more cases of the Omicron variant are detected across Europe. 

READ ALSO: Is Spain proving facts rather than force can convince the unvaccinated?

“I can understand that countries with low vaccine coverage are contemplating this and that Von der Leyen is considering opening up a debate, but in our country the situation is absolutely different,” Darias said at the press conference following her meeting with Spain’s Interterritorial Health Council.

According to the national health minister,  this was also “the general belief” of regional health leaders of each of Spain’s 17 autonomous communities she had just been in discussion with over Christmas Covid measures. 

READ MORE: Spain rules out new restrictions against Omicron variant

Almost 80 percent of Spain’s total population is fully vaccinated against Covid-19, a figure which is around 10 percent higher if looking at those who are eligible for the vaccine (over 12s). 

It has the highest vaccination rate among Europe’s most populous countries.

Germany announced tough new restrictions on Thursday in a bid to contain its fourth wave of Covid-19 aimed largely at the country’s unvaccinated people, with outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel speaking in favour of compulsory vaccinations, which the German parliament is due to vote on soon.

Austria has also already said it will make Covid-19 vaccines compulsory next February, Belgium is also considering it and Greece on Tuesday said it will make vaccination obligatory for those over 60.

But for Spain, strict Covid-19 vaccination rules have never been on the table, having said from the start that getting the Covid-19 jabs was voluntary. 

There’s also a huge legal implication to imposing such a rule which Spanish courts are unlikely to look on favourably. 

Stricter Covid restrictions and the country’s two states of alarm, the first resulting in a full national lockdown from March to May 2020, have both been deemed unconstitutional by Spain’s Constitutional Court. 

READ ALSO: Could Spain lock down its unvaccinated or make Covid vaccines compulsory?

The Covid-19 health pass to access indoor public spaces was also until recently consistently rejected by regional high courts for breaching fundamental rights, although judges have changed their stance favouring this Covid certificate over old Covid-19 restrictions that affect the whole population.

MAP: Which regions in Spain now require a Covid health pass for daily affairs?

“In Spain what we have to do is to continue vaccinating as we have done until now” Darias added. 

“Spaniards understand that vaccines are not only a right, they are an obligation because we protect others with them”.

What Spanish health authorities are still considering is whether to vaccinate their 5 to 11 year olds after the go-ahead from the European Medicines Agency, with regions such as Madrid claiming they will start vaccinating their young children in December despite there being no official confirmation from Spain’s Vaccine Committee yet.

READ MORE: Will Spain soon vaccinate its children under 12?

Spain’s infection rate continues to rise day by day, jumping 17 points up to 234 cases per 100,000 people on Thursday. There are now also five confirmed cases of the Omicron variant in the country, one through community transmission.

Hospital bed occupancy with Covid patients has also risen slightly nationwide to 3.3 percent, as has ICU Covid occupancy which now stands at 8.4 percent, but the Spanish government insists these figures are “almost three times lower” than during previous waves of the coronavirus pandemic.

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