Since Spain came out of the strictest lockdown in Europe, the nation has struggled to stem the increasingly rapid spread of Covid-19 and is now considered to be firmly in the grip of the “second wave” with Madrid at the epicentre.
This has led to pressure on hospitals in some especially hard-hit areas.
With things changing quickly from day to day and from region to region, it can be hard to grasp what the status really is in Spain – are we back where we were before lockdown in March?
In this article we have picked some of the key numbers and put them into context to give you a better understanding of how the virus is progressing across Spain.
Here is a look at the latest key numbers:
312 cases per 100,000 inhabitants is the average across Spain. Unfortunately, Spain tops the leader board in Europe for the accumulated incidence data of the number of cases detected for every 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days.
The ECDC sets the bar for “high level” as anything over 60 cases per 100,000 and Spain’s average far exceeds that with 312 cases detected per 100,000 people across the whole territory.
To put this in context Spain’s is far above the next highest country France which has recorded 197.8 new cases per 100,000 and more than four times high than the UK (76 per 100,000).
746.2 – Madrid continues to have the highest 14-day cumulative incidence of Covid-19, with 746.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants and in the worst hit districts this has reached over 1,000 cases per 100,000 leading 37 zones to be placed under partial confinement.
10,799 – the number of new Covid-19 cases recorded on Tuesday, September 22nd with 3,125 occuring in the previous 24 hours.
However, this figure cannot be compared to the number of infections during the first wave, given that Spain is now carrying out widespread testing and detecting those who have only minor symptoms or are asymptomatic whereas testing for the most part was only carried out during the peak of the first wave on those whose symptoms were serious enough for them to be admitted into hospital.
682,267 – this is the number of positive cases that have been recorded in Spain since the start of the pandemic.
Week by week numbers are worth comparing with 64,272 in the week ending September 22nd compared to 40,427 cases for the week ending 24th August, a month earlier.
2,357 – this is the number of coronavirus patients admitted into hospital in the last week alone according to Tuesday’s data, with 159 requiring intensive care treatment. Compare this to a month earlier on August 24th when 1,294 coronavirus patients were hospitalized across Spain and 87 were in ICU.
9.6 – the percentage of hospital beds across Spain that are now occupied by coronavirus patients with 16.8 percent of all intensive care beds taken up to treat Covid-19 cases. However, this figure varies vastly between the regions: La Rioja has the highest rate at 56.7percent , followed by Madrid (36.3 percent ) and Aragón (32.5 percent ). Meanwhile at the lowest end of the scale are Galicia (4.48 percent ), Asturias (4.53 percent ), Extremadura (8.79 percent ) and the Canary Islands (9.15 percent ).
30.904 – the total number of officially confirmed deaths from coronavirus in Spain since the start of the pandemic. However, this figure only includes those cases which tested positive in tests and the true number is thought to be closer to 50,000.
241 – According to data released on Tuesday by Spain’s health ministry, this is the number of deaths reported in the last 24 hours.
468 – The number of deaths officially recorded over the last week, although there is often a delay in the numbers reported from the regions to the Health Ministry. Compare this to the 96 deaths recorded across Spain in the seven days previous to the August 24th.
The above chart shows the number of coronavirus deaths officially recorded in Spain since the start of the pandemic.
These four charts below effectively show the surge in the number of cases diagnosed, hospitalizations and those requiring ICU treatment, and deaths since the end of lockdown in Spain week by week.
8,582,722 – the number of PCR diagnostic tests carried out in Spain since the start of the pandemic. Spain has increased its testing ability week by week and up until the week ending September 17 it carried out more that 8.5 million PCR tests (a rate of 182.22 per 100,000 inhabitants).
19.7 – this is the percentage of PCR carried out in the Madrid region that brought a positive result. Spain’s average is 11.8 percent but according to the criteria published by WHO in May, a positive rate of less than 5percent is one indicator that the epidemic is under control in a country.
14,000 students are in quarantine in Madrid alone after testing positive to Covid-19. Those positive results have caused the closure of 832 classrooms across the capital but only one school has been entirely shut down.
To put this is context this represents 1.4 percent of all the classes in the Madrid region and affects 13,856 school children in total (1.1per cent of the total school age children in Madrid) according to data provided by Antonio Zapatero, Madrid’s deputy health chief on Wednesday.