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BREXIT

A view from Spain on the extraordinary goings on in Westminster

Sue Wilson from Bremain in Spain takes a look at the extraordinary goings on in parliament and the chances of PM Boris Johnson breaking a record.

A view from Spain on the extraordinary goings on in Westminster
Photo: AFP

Many strange and unpredictable events have occurred on the British political front over recent months, but last week’s activities were on a different level entirely.

Following Brexit-related news closely as I do, I like to believe I’m reasonably well informed, and have a good grasp of what’s going on. Last week, however, I had to take stock, more than once and ask myself what exactly just happened?

Despite Prime Minister Boris Johnson having been a number 10 resident for almost two months now, his days appearing before parliament can be counted on one hand. Last Tuesday, Johnson gave a speech in the Commons, followed on Wednesday by his first appearance at Prime Minister’s Questions – a rather bad-tempered affair, in which he failed to answer a single question. 

Within just 48 hours, Johnson then lost not one, but four votes against his government. It was the first time a prime minister had lost his very first ever parliamentary battle. To then lose three more skirmishes in quick succession was starting to look like carelessness.

The first important vote was in regard to a private members bill aimed at taking no-deal Brexit off the table, followed closely by Johnson’s own motion calling for a general election.

Labour backbencher, Hilary Benn, put forward the bill aimed at forcing the prime minister to request a further Brexit extension, in the event that a deal has not been agreed by 19 October – effectively taking a no-deal scenario off the table.

The bill had been put together by lawmakers from all parties, and had wide support, even from within the Conservative party. The bill passed at all stages in the House of Commons, with a majority of almost 30 votes at each reading. Although a win had been expected, the size of the victory had been a surprise.

The subsequent passage of the Benn bill through the Lords was far from straightforward, with significant attempts by Brexiters to thwart its progress. In the end though, the government conceded, and the bill finally passed the Lords on Friday afternoon. 

Johnson lost his parliamentary majority of one last week, when Dr Phillip Lee crossed the house and joined the LibDems, in the middle of Johnson’s speech. That situation was further exacerbated when 21 Conservatives Remainers voted against the government.

As a result of the “rebels” votes against their own government, they immediately had the whip removed, meaning they can no longer stand as Conservative MPs. They can still vote though, and they proceeded to vote against the government again and again. The firing of these MPs caused outrage amongst their colleagues, not least because they included Winston Churchill’s grandson, Sir Nicholas Soames, Tory grandee Sir Kenneth Clarke, and former Attorney General, Dominic Grieve.

A further insult came later when Johnson’s own brother, Joe, resigned from cabinet – perhaps the first MP to resign in order to spend less time with his family, not more. There was a further shock on Saturday, when Amber Rudd also resigned from Johnson’s cabinet, attacking the prime minister for “political vandalism”.

In the space of a couple of days, Johnson had fought four political battles losing them all, upset a wide swathe of his own party, and convinced the whole of parliament that he was not to be trusted. The training sessions on how to win friends and influence people had obviously failed miserably, along the with negotiation skills seminars.

A further humiliation for Johnson came when he brought a motion to the house calling for an election. Reiterating comments from his earlier speech outside number 10, he insisted he did not want an election, the country did not want an election, but they had to have one anyway.

Much criticism has been levelled at opposition parties over recent weeks about their failure to work together, and their apparent willingness to score points off one another.

Those failings were not in evidence last week – quite the opposite in fact. It was clear that all opposition parties had agreed a strategy to oppose Johnson’s demand for an election – a government strategy they regarded as a cynical attempt to scupper Benn’s bill. Rather, the opposition either voted against the government or abstained, thereby preventing the two/thirds majority required by Johnson to secure a snap election.

Opposition parties worked together again on Friday, to agree the safest timescale for an election, in order to ensure a no-deal Brexit is avoided.

They concluded that the optimum date for an election was only after a Brexit extension has been secured, most likely in November. So, when Johnson tries again to secure an election, likely today, opposition parties will deny the government the majority it needs once more, no doubt to more accusations from Johnson that they are “chicken”. 

Prospects are therefore high that the prime minister will hold on to his perfect record of failure – latest score, Parliament 4, Government 0. We only have two more months to wait and see if Johnson can break another, long-standing record – to become the shortest serving prime minister in British history. If that happens, I might just have to send him a gong.

By Sue Wilson – Chair of Bremain in Spain

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BRITS IN EUROPE

Brits in Europe won right to vote for life in UK but questions remain

After years of campaigns and promises British citizens living abroad finally won the lifelong right to vote in UK general elections in April 2022. But campaigners say more needs to be done to allow all those Britons abroad to be able cast their votes easily.

Brits in Europe won right to vote for life in UK but questions remain

What’s in the law?

The Elections Act 2022 introduced several changes to the current legislation on electoral participation. Among these, it removed the rule by which British citizens lose their voting rights in the UK if they have lived abroad for more than 15 years

The new rules also abolished the requirement to have been previously registered in the UK electoral roll to become an overseas voter. In addition, the registration in the electoral roll will now last up to three years instead of only one year.

It is estimated that these changes could increase the number of overseas voter registrations by some 3 million. But the way new measures will be applied in practice is still to be defined.

READ ALSO: ‘Mixed feelings’ – British citizens in Europe finally get right to vote for life

Defining the practicalities

Under the new law, Britons living abroad will have to register to vote in the last place they were registered in the UK. This means that people who have never lived in the UK will be ineligible to vote, regardless of how long they have been overseas, while those who left when they were children will be able to use a parent or guardian’s address.

But given that the UK does not require residents to register with local councils, how to prove previous UK residence? “Typical documents accepted as a proof of residence are Council tax or utilities bills, but not everyone will have them or will have kept them in an international move,” says Fiona Godfrey, co-founder of the British in Europe coalition.

Ballot papers are pictured in stacks in a count centre as part of the 2019 UK general election. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP)

Other questions concern how people will effectively cast their ballot. UK citizens overseas will be able to vote by post or by proxy or in person at their polling station if they are in the UK at the time of the election. However, few people are likely to travel to the UK for an election and in the past there have problems and delays with postal voting.

The Electoral Commission has recommended that overseas electors appoint a proxy to vote on their behalf. But who could that be for people who have been away from their constituency for a long time?

New secondary legislation will have to answer these questions, defining how to be included in the electoral roll and how to exercise the voting right in practice.

According to British in Europe, the government should present draft legislation in the first half of the year so that the parliament can adopt it before summer and registrations of overseas voters can start in the autumn.

British in Europe survey

British in Europe are currently running a survey to understand the difficulties UK citizens abroad may face in the registration and voting process, as well as their intention to participate in elections.

The survey asks for instance which documents people can access to prove their previous residence in the UK, what problems they had voting in the past, and if and how they plan to vote in the future.

“We need to get an up-to-date picture of British citizens living around the world and have information to make recommendations to the government, as it prepares secondary legislation,” Godfrey said. “If millions of people will exercise their voting rights, there will be consequences for council registration offices, post office and authorities that will manage the process, among other things” she argued.

The right to vote concerns only UK parliamentary elections and national referendums, not elections in the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, or at local level.

The survey is open to UK citizens living anywhere in the world and is available at this link.

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