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Madrileños to gaditanos: What to call the locals from different parts of Spain

The Local Spain
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Madrileños to gaditanos: What to call the locals from different parts of Spain
"Madrileña" Paquita, 60, dressed in traditional "chulapa" garb for San Isidro celebrations poses in Madrid. Photo: Benjamin CREMEL / AFP

In Spain, every region, province, city and island has its own word for its inhabitants.


Most of you may know that the correct word of referring to people from Madrid is madrileños, and those from Valencia are known as valencianos. These are known as gentilicios in Spanish, the demonym used to describe the people from a particular place. 

But what do you call people from Oviedo or Cuenca? And do you know the difference between palmeros, palmesanos and palmenses

Here is the definitive guide to what to call the citizens of different cities, provinces, regions and islands in Spain (*we've used the plural form so to form the singular remove the es or os ending and add an o for masculine or a for feminine instead). 

Referring to people from Spain's seven largest cities

  • Madrid — madrileños 
  • Barcelona — barceloneses
  • Valencia — valencianos
  • Sevilla — sevillanos or hispalenses
  • Zaragoza — zaragozanos
  • Bilbao — bilbaínos
  • Málaga — malagueños

READ ALSO: Words and phrases you need to know to be a true Madrileño


The way to refer to people from Spain's different regions:

Aragónaragoneses or maños
Canary Islandscanarios
Cantabriacántabros or montañeses
Balearic Islandsbaleares or baleáricos
Castilla-La Manchamanchegos or castellanomanchegos
Castilla y Leóncastellanoleoneses
La Riojariojanos
Basque Countryvascos

And not forgetting the inhabitants of Spain’s two autonomous cities in north Africa:

  • Ceuta — ceutíes or ceutís
  • Melilla — melillenses


How to refer to people from Spain's regional capitals

  • Santiago — compostelanos or santiagueses
  • Oviedo — ovetenses
  • Santander — santanderinos
  • Vitoria — vitorianos
  • Pamplona — pamplonicas
  • Valladolid — vallisoletanos
  • Logroño — logroñeses
  • Palma de Mallorca — palmesanos
  • Toledo — toledanos
  • Mérida — merideños
  • Murcia — murcianos
  • Las Palmas de Gran Canaria — palmenses or canariones
  • Santa Cruz de Tenerife — santacruceros or chicharerros

The inhabitants of Girona, seen here in Catalan barretina hats, are known as gerundenses. Photo: Josep LAGO / AFP

READ MORE: Ten 'English' words adopted and adapted into Spanish 

The way to describe people from Spain's other provincial capitals

  • La Coruña coruñeses
  • Lugo — lucenses
  • Oviedo — ovetanos
  • Santander — santanderinos
  • Bilbaobilbaínos
  • San Sebastián — donostiarras
  • Pamplona — pamplonicas
  • Huesca — oscenses
  • Lérida — leridanos
  • Gerona — gerundenses
  • Pontevedra — pontevedreses
  • Orense — orensanos
  • Leónleoneses
  • Palencia — palencianos
  • Burgos — burgaleses
  • Vitoria — vitorianos
  • Logroño — logroñeses
  • Zaragoza — zaragozanos
  • Barcelona — barceloneses
  • Zamora — zamoranos
  • Valladolid — vallisoletanos
  • Soria — sorianos
  • Tarragona — tarraconenses
  • Salamanca — salmantinos
  • Ávila — abulenses
  • Segovia — segovianos
  • Madrid — madrileños
  • Guadalajara — arriacenses or gudalajareños or most commonly alcarreños
  • Teruel — turolenses
  • Castellón — castellonenses
  • Valencia — valencianos
  • Palma de Mallorca — palmesanos
  • Cáceres — cacereños
  • Toledo — toledanos
  • Cuenca — conquenses
  • Badajoz — pacenses or badajocense
  • Ciudad Real — ciudadrealeños
  • Albacete — albaceteños
  • Alicante — alicantinos
  • Murcia — murcianos
  • Sevilla — sevillanos or hispalenses
  • Córdoba — cordobeses
  • Jaén — jienenses
  • Huelva — onubenses
  • Cádiz — gaditanos
  • Granada — granadinos
  • Almería — almerienses
  • Las Palmas de Gran Canariapalmenses or canariones
  • Santa Cruz de Tenerifesantacruceros or chicharrero

how to call people from different parts of spain

Tinerfeños, as people from the Canary island of Tenerife are known, celebrate in traditional attire during a local romería festival. Photo: Secrettenerife/Flickr

How to refer to people from each island in Spain's two archipelagos:

Balearic Islands

  • Mallorca — mallorquís or mallorquíes
  • Ibiza — ibicencos
  • Menorca — menorquís or menorquíes
  • Formentera — formenteranos
  • Cabrera — cabreranos

Canary Islands

  • Tenerife — tinerfeños
  • Gran Canaria — canariones
  • Lanzarote — conejeros
  • Fuerteventura — majoreros
  • La Palma — palmeros
  • La Gomera — gomeros
  • El Hierro — herreños
  • La Graciosa — Gracioseros

And now for the tricky one:

Those who live on the Canary Island of La Palma are known as palmeros, while those in Las Palmas, the capital of Gran Canaria are known as palmenses. Residents of Palma, in Mallorca (Balearic Islands), are known as palmesanos. 


List compiled by The Local Spain and Lucas Villar on Quora



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