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ENVIRONMENT

Meet the expat with a mission to save Spain’s beaches

Ann Jenkins, a Canadian living in La Herradura on Andalusia's Costa Tropical, is the woman behind Playa Patrol, a beach clean-up initiative. She speaks to The Local about her mission to clean up Spain’s Costas, one beach at a time.

Meet the expat with a mission to save Spain's beaches
Ann Jenkins is determined clean up Spain, one beach at a time. Photo: Ann Jenkins/ Playa Patrol

“Three and a half years ago, my husband and I took early retirement and left Toronto with a view to travelling the world for the next ten years or so. But eight months later we found the Costa Tropical and have been here ever since.”

The pair bought a plot of land on a hillside above La Herradura just a six minute walk from the beach and are in the process of building their home.


Ann and her husband Christopher settled on the Costa Tropical three years ago. Photo: Ann Jenkins / Playa Patrol

But last October, ahead of the town’s annual fiesta, Jenkins came up with a project that has now taken over her life. She organised a beach clean-up as part of the Sea Festival and expected a few friends to turn up and help. But crowds came down to the beach and got involved, and made a huge difference.

“We were shocked and thrilled when 350 volunteers joined us and collected 24,000 cigarette butts and other plastic litter and garbage in under two hours,” the 54-year-old told The Local.

It was such a success that people began asking when the next one was, so she turned it into a not-for-profit association.

“We had so much positive feedback that we decided to create Association Playa Patrol. Our mission is to think globally and act locally to help keep our sea plastic free. After that it took about four months between the lawyer, the Junta and the bank to get ourselves sorted into an official association with a working bank account. You see, we cannot accept donations unless we do all those steps.”

READ MORE: 

Jenkins believes that one person really can make a difference. 

“I wanted to start Playa Patrol to encourage people at a grass roots level to feel empowered to make a difference. Many people ask: What can I do, I am only one person? Will it really make a difference? Can my children become an Ocean Guardian? My answer is a resounding YES. Together we have the power to not only participate in a beach clean up but to build awareness around changing our relationship with single-use plastic.” 

Another beach clean-up is planned for June 30th, just after the parties of San Juan which leave the beaches covered in detritus. Another is planned for September 22th to coincide with International Coastal Clean Up Day.

 And she is working on an educational project for children, to teach them about the importance of the marine environment and the threat plastic poses to the seas and will be crowd funding to launch the project.

“Beach clean ups are just one element of Playa Patrol but working with students both in and out of the classroom is as important as the community outreach beach clean up.”

Jenkins already has plans to expand Playa Patrol to nearby Salobreña and Motril for September and for beaches across the Costa Tropical from Carchuna and Albuñol next year.

She has developed a scheme to create Ocean Ambassadors who can host their own clean-ups.

“If other communities in Spain are interested in hosting beach clean ups I will happily share my secrets and invite them to join us to see first hand how many people you can inspire if you have a passion to help keep our sea plastic free and we can empower local communities to take action” she said.

“One of the things we hear over and over again is this: “We want to do better, but we just need someone to help us get started.”

Can it really make a difference?

“Every day the local garbage collectors walk the beach and pick up the big stuff: water bottles, plastic bags, broken umbrellas or kids toys, etc. And they do an incredible job. But they cannot afford the time to pick up the microplastics or cigarette butts. And, because our area of Spain has rocky beaches – anywhere from small gravel to pebbles to rocks – we cannot have machines do the clean up work. So it’s a manual process to make a difference,” insists Jenkins.  

Alongside the everyday litter, there is an extra danger on beaches along Spain’s southern coast nicknamed the “Mar de plastico” for the swathes of hillsides covered in greenhouses that grow fruit and vegetables for the supermarkets of northern Europe.

“The areas of Costa Tropical that have an influx of plastic farming suffer more because that’s an EXTRA item that simply disintegrates, blows in the wind, then out to sea. Some areas are more impacted by fishing gear. When people hear that we’re doing a beach clean up, I often get phone calls from Team Captains a week before the event saying “the beach looks pretty good, are you sure we shouldn’t cancel?” My response is, “you’ll be surprised how much we will collect.”

And it’s not just plastic trash and everyday litter that gets collected in a beach clean up. “We also make a really big deal about cigarette butt waste on our beach. Did you know that a discarded cigarette butt is made of over 97 percent cellulose acetate (just a fancy word for plastic) and that it contains 4,000+ chemical toxins!” Jenkins explained.  

“During our first beach clean up, 350 volunteers collected 24,000 cigarette butts in under 2 hours and at our last beach clean up 543 volunteers collected 40,000 discarded cigarette butts.”

At the end of a clean-up, volunteers gather at the “End Zone” with what they’ve collected and the local Medio Ambiente come and dispose of it.


Photo: Chloe Pettersen / Playa Patrol

What can you do to help?

Even small changes in the way you shop can make a big difference, believes Jenkins. “If everyone made one change a week in their relationship with plastic it would just become normal: buy a bamboo toothbrush, find a zero waste shop near you and refill your shampoo bottle, always carry a reusable shopping bag, pack your children’s lunches in beeswax wraps or Tupperware, buy a reusable water bottle and use it – even at a restaurant.,” she suggests.

“Now imagine if you continued. 52 weeks of changes might lead to using cotton mesh bags at the fruit and vegetable market, taking Tupperware or glass containers to the meat and cheese department, quit smoking,  buy in bulk to stop single serving purchases. Some people even go so far as to become vegan but that’s a personal choice,” she said.

Donate to the Bye Bye plastic fund HERE

Food for thought

“If marine life come across a plastic bag floating in the ocean, they mistake it for a jellyfish. Yummy! Microplastics are seen as plankton. Mmmmmmmm! Marine life and wlldlife do not know that plastic is not a possible food source,” explains Jenkins.

“The food chain is just that … and humans are at the top of the food chain. There is research out there that talks about the micrograms of plastic found in human faeces. So the next time you eat salmon for dinner ask yourself how much plastic you might be ingesting? And that might cause you to develop some empathetic awareness and join a beach clean up!”

More information:

For more information and to get involved in a beach clean up or organize one near you visit the Playa Patrol website. Follow them on Facebook , Instagram or email Ann Jenkins direct on [email protected]

READ ALSO: Meet the woman behind Madrid's first zero-waste shop

 

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MONEY

Rampant branch closures and job cuts help Spain’s banks post huge earnings

Spain’s biggest banks this week reported huge profits in 2021 and cheered their return to recovery post-Covid, but ruthless cost-cutting in the form of thousands of layoffs, hundreds of branch closures and the removal of many ATMs have left customers in Spain suffering, in this latest example of ‘Capitalismo 2.0’. 

A man withdraws cash from a Santander branch in Madrid.
More than 3,500 Santander workers lost their jobs in Spain in 2021 and a further 2,000 more employees working for Santander across Europe were also laid off. Photo: PHILIPPE DESMAZES / AFP

Spanish banking giant Santander on Wednesday said it has bounced back from the pandemic as it returned to profit last year, beating analyst expectations and exceeding its pre-COVID earnings.

Likewise, Spain’s second-largest bank BBVA said on Thursday that it saw a strong rebound in 2021 following the Covid crisis, tripling its net profits thanks to a recovery in business activity.

It’s a similar story for Unicaja (€137 million profit in 2021), Caixabank (€5.2 billion profit thanks to merge with Bankia), Sabadell (€530 million profit last year), Abanca (€323 million profit) and all of Spain’s other main banks.

This may be promising news for Spain’s banking sector, but their profits have come at a cost for many of their employees and customers. 

In 2021, 19,000 bank employees lost their jobs, almost all through state-approved ERE layoffs, meant for companies struggling financially.

BBVA employees protest against layoffs in May 2021 in Madrid. Spain’s second-largest bank BBVA is looking to shed 3,800 jobs, affecting 16 percent of its staff, in a move denounced by unions as “scandalous”. (Photo by GABRIEL BOUYS / AFP)

Around 11 percent of bank branches in Spain have also been closed down in 2021 as part of Spanish banks’ attempts to cut costs, even though they’ve agreed to pay just under €5 billion in compensation.

Rampant branch closures have in turn resulted in 2,200 ATMs being removed since the Covid-19 pandemic began, even though the use of cajeros automáticos went up by 20 percent in 2021.

There are now 48,300 ATMs in Spain, levels not seen since 2001.

READ MORE:

Apart from losses caused by the coronavirus crisis, Spain’s financial institutions have justified the lay-offs, branch closures and ATM removals under the premise that there was already a shift to online banking taking place among customers. 

But the problem has been around for longer in a country with stark population differences between the cities and so-called ‘Empty Spain’, with rural communities and elderly people bearing the brunt of it. 

 

Caixabank laid off almost 6,500 workers in the first sixth months of 2021. Photo: ANDER GILLENEA/AFP

Just this month, a 78-year-old Valencian man has than collected 400,000+ signatures in an online petition calling for Spanish banks to offer face-to-face customer service that’s “humane” to elderly people, spurring the Bank of Spain and even Spain’s Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez to publicly say they would address the problem.

READ MORE: ‘I’m old, not stupid’ – How one Spanish senior is demanding face-to-face bank service

It’s worth noting that between 2008 and 2019, Spain had the highest number of branch closures and bank job cuts in Europe, with 48 percent of its branches shuttered compared with a bloc-wide average of 31 percent.

Below is more detailed information on how Santander and BBVA, Spain’s two biggest banks, have reported their huge profits in 2021.

Santander

Driven by a strong performance in the United States and Britain, the bank booked a net profit of €8.1 billion in 2021, close to a 12-year high. 

It was a huge improvement from 2020 when the pandemic hit and the bank suffered a net loss of €8.7 billion after it was forced to write down the value of several of its branches, particularly in the UK. It was also higher than 2019, when the bank posted a net profit of €6.5 billion.

Analysts from FactSet were expecting profits of €7.9 billion. 

“Our 2021 results demonstrate once again the value of our scale and presence across both developed and developing markets, with attributable profit 25 per cent higher than pre-COVID levels in 2019,” said chief executive Ana Botin in a statement.

Net banking income, the equivalent to turnover, also increased, reaching €33.4 billion, compared to €31.9 billion in 2020. This dynamic was made possible by a strong increase in customer numbers, with the group now counting almost 153 million customers worldwide. 

“We have added five million new customers in the last 12 months alone,” said Botin.

Santander performed particularly well in Europe and North America, with profits doubling in constant euros compared to 2020. In the UK, where Santander has a strong presence, current profit even “quadrupled” over the same period to €1.6 billion.

Last year’s net loss was the first in Banco Santander’s history, after having to revise downwards the value of several of its subsidiaries, notably in the UK, because of COVID.

The banking giant, which cut nearly 3,500 jobs at the end of 2020, in September announced an interim shareholder payout of €1.7 billion for its 2021 results. “In the coming weeks, we will announce additional compensation linked to the 2021 results,” it said.

BBVA

The group, which mainly operates in Spain but also in Latin America, Mexico and Turkey, posted profits of €4.65 billion ($5.25 billion), up from €1.3 billion a year earlier.

The result, which followed a solid fourth quarter with profits of €1.34 billion, was higher than expected, with FactSet analysts expecting a figure of €4.32 billion .

Excluding non-recurring items, such as the outcome of a restructuring plan launched last year, it generated profits of 5.07 billion euros in what was the highest figure “in 10 years”, the bank said in a statement.

In 2020, the Spanish bank saw its net profit tumble 63 percent as a result of asset depreciation and provisions taken against an increase in bad loans due to the economic fallout of the virus crisis.

“The economic recovery over the past year has brought with it a marked upturn in banking activity, mainly in the loan portfolio,” the bank explained, pointing to a reduction of the provisions put in place because of Covid.

In 2021, BBVA added a “record” 8.7 million new customers, largely due to the growth of its online activities. It now has 81.7 million customers worldwide.

The group’s net interest margins also rose 6.1 percent year-on-year to €14.7 billion, said the bank, which is undergoing a cost-cutting drive.

So far, it has axed 2,935 jobs and closed down 480 branches as the banking sector undergoes increasing digitalisation and fewer and fewer transactions are carried out over the counter.

At the end of 2020, BBVA sold its US unit to PNC Financial Services for nearly 10 billion euros and decided to reinvest some of the funds in the Turkish market.

In November, it launched a bid to take full control of its Turkish lending subsidiary Garanti, offering €2.25 billion ($2.6 billion) to buy the 50.15 percent stake it does not yet own.

The deal should be finalised in the first quarter of 2022.

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