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LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

Spanish Word of the day: ‘Vigor’

Yes, it does mean the same as vigour in English, but also has a few different uses.

Spanish Word of the day: 'Vigor'
Photo: nito103/Depositphotos

 Let's have a look at some of them!

 

  • Su abuelo tiene 90 años pero más vigor que nadie.

           His grandfather is 90 but has more vigour than anyone else.

 

  • Se dirigió a la audiencia con mucho vigor y confianza.

         He addressed the audience with vigour and confidence.

 

  • El corredor tomó vigor en la última vuelta y  finalmente quedo en primer lugar.

            The runner gained strength on the last lap and finally came out first!  

 

It also means to come into effect or to be valid:

 

  • La nueva ley inmobiliaria entrará en vigor el 1 de Junio.

           The new housing law will come into effect on the 1st of June.

 

  • Algunas leyes llevan en vigor desde la primera Constitución.

          Some laws have been in force since the first Constitution.

 

  • Tu pasaporte debe estar en vigor para poder viajar en la fecha indicada.

            Your passport must be valid to be able to fly on the designated day.

 

Pronunciation:

Vi-gor

Check out our other word of the day posts

This word of the day has been contributed by LAE Madrid, the leading Spanish academy in Madrid. Accredited by the Insitituto Cervantes, it offers Spanish courses for all levels and also has Spanish classes for kids and families.

READ MORE: The eleven most annoying Spanish false friends of all time

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LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

The essential Catalan phrases you need in Catalonia

Even if you speak Spanish, if you're living in Catalonia, it's a good idea to learn some Catalan too. Here are some basic phrases you need to get by.

The essential Catalan phrases you need in Catalonia
Image: Photos_Marta/ Pixabay

While everyone in the bigger Catalan cities such as Barcelona or Tarragona will speak Spanish, it’s a good idea to learn some Catalan too.

Not only is this sure to win you some brownie points with the locals, but it will enrich your experience of living in the region and allow you to make new friends. This is particularly true when travelling to the smaller towns and villages in rural Catalonia too.

Greetings

Greetings are a great way to start out practicing your Catalan. Your neighbours will be delighted and appreciate greetings in their local language. Because the phrases are short, they’re easy to remember and don’t invite long answers that you won’t be able to understand.

Bon dia – Good day

This phrase is used all the time in Catalonia, even more so than ‘Hola’. You would use it for greeting someone anytime up until the afternoon, after which you would say 'Bona tarda'. 

Encantat! Molt de gust! – Pleased to meet you.

Com estás? – How are you?

Bona nit – Good night

Greetings in Catalan. Image: Andrea Piacquadio/Pexels

 

Being polite

Another very easy way to slip in some Catalan here and there is to use it in small polite phrases. Even if you don’t know the Catalan for the whole phrase, you could easily add please or thank you on the end.

Si us plau – Please

Moltes gràcies – Thank you very much

De res – You’re welcome

Saying thank you in Catalan. Image: Ka Young Seo / Pixabay 

Eating out

When you’re a bit more confident with your Catalan, eating out is the perfect time to put it all into practice. You don’t have to keep the conversation going a long time and there are particular useful phrases that you can memorise.  

Teniu una taula per dos? – Do you have a table for two?

La carta, si us plau – The menu please

El comte, si us plau – The bill please

No puc menjar… – I can’t eat…
This one may be useful if there’s something that you’re allergic to or can’t eat, such as gluten or dairy for example.

Eating out. Image: Ji-yeon Yun / Pixabay 

Shopping

Like eating out, shopping is another perfect chance to put your Catalan out in the real world.

Quant costa això? – How much does that cost?

Tens un altre color? – Do you have a different colour?

Tens una talla més gran/petita? – Do you have a bigger/smaller size?

Pots ajudar-me? – Can you help me?

 

READ MORE: Ten colourful Catalan phrases you should learn right now

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