Spanish politics rocked by far-right win in Andalusia

The first success of a far-right party in a regional election since Spain's return to democracy in 1975 has shaken national politics ahead a busy electoral season.

Spanish politics rocked by far-right win in Andalusia

Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez's Socialists were set to lose control of southern Andalusia, which it has governed for over three decades, after Vox took a surprise 12 seats in a regional election on Sunday, handing a majority to right-wing parties in Spain's most populous region.

It was Sanchez's first electoral test since taking office in June after winning a vote of no-confidence against the conservative Popular Party (PP) government of Mariano Rajoy over a corruption scandal.

READ MORE: Far-right wins seats in Andalusia parliament in first for post-Franco Spain

Top-selling daily El Pais called the results an “earthquake” which have changed the “national political panorama”.   

The vote kicks off a series of polls with municipal, regional and European elections slated for May, and an early general election widely expected next year.

Vox, which takes a hard line against illegal immigration and Catalan separatism, is the first far-right party to win representation in a regional parliament in Spain since the country returned to democracy following the  death of longtime dictator Francisco Franco in 1975.

With its 12 lawmakers, Vox could now play a kingmaker role in the formation of a governing coalition in Andalusia.

Revival of Spanish nationalism

Sanchez, who heads a minority government that has struggled to garner opposition party support to pass its draft 2019 budget, vowed to defend democracy.

“The results in Andalusia strengthen our commitment to defend the constitution and democracy from fear,” he said in a Twitter message on Monday in his first reaction to the poll results.

Fernando Vallespin, a political scientist at the Autonomous University of Madrid, said Spain had “ceased to be the exception in Europe”, where far-right parties have already made gains in countries like Italy where they now govern.   

But unlike other European nations where the rise of far-right parties has been fuelled by anti-immigrant and anti-EU platforms, Vox owes its gains largely to its fierce defence of Spanish unity, he told AFP.

The election in Andalusia was first outside Catalonia since last year's failed independence push and it “has had the effect that many feared: the revival of an also extreme Spanish nationalism,” Vallespin said.

Vox has called for independence parties to be banned and wants to centralise power by putting an end to regional governments.

'Reconquering starts in Andalusia'

The centre-right Ciudadanos, which also takes a tough stance against Catalan separatism, saw its representation rise by 12 seats to 21 in Andalusia's 109-seat parliament.

Vox, which was formed in 2013, hopes to build on its win in the upcoming elections and analysts said it had room to grow.   

“The Reconquista (reconquering) starts in Andalusian lands and will extend across all of Spain,” the party said in a Twitter message on Sunday night, referring to a long series of medieval wars waged to recapture territory from the Muslims who occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula in the early 8th 

“This party will start to quickly rise in the polls at the national level, and have the capacity to set the agenda,” Pablo Simon, a political science professor at Madrid's Carlos III university, told AFP. 

Vox will “without a doubt” win seats in next year's local and European elections and could win 5-6 seats in the next national election, he said.   

Sanchez could now call snap polls “to try to mobilise left wing voters with the fear of the far-right” but this risks giving rise to a conservative government at the national level made up of the PP, Ciudadanos and Vox, Simon said.

“It is a complicated situation and I don't know what is the best option to resolve this dilemma,” he added.

By Mathieu Gorse / AFP


Top EU court raps Spain over wetlands

The European Union's top court warned Spain on June 24th that it needs to do more to protect Doñana National Park, home to one of Europe's largest wetlands, which is threatened by intensive farming.

Top EU court raps Spain over wetlands
Doñana National Park. Photo: Ángel Sánchez / Pixabay

The massive park in the southern region of Andalusia boasts a diverse ecosystem of lagoons, marshlands, scrub woodland, beaches and sand dunes and is home to fallow deer, wild boars, European badgers and endangered species including the Spanish imperial eagle and the Iberian lynx.

It is also on the migratory route of millions of birds each year.

Environmentalists have warned that over-extraction of water by neighbouring farms, often through illegal wells, is causing the lagoons and marshlands to dry out.

The area around the park is a major producer of strawberries, blueberries and raspberries.

Green groups also complain that large amounts of water are being diverted to meet the needs of tourists.

The Luxembourg-based European Court of Justice ruled on June 24th that Spain was in breach of EU nature legislation because it “did not take into account the illegal water extractions” in the park and their impact on groundwater.

“It has not taken appropriate measures to avoid disturbances of the protected habitats located in the park which were caused by this catchment” of water, the court added.

The court was responding to a complaint filed by the European Commission in 2019 against Spain for failing to protect the park.

If Madrid does not follow the recommendations of the court it faces hefty fines.

Spain racked up more infringements of EU environmental laws between 2015
and 2018 than any other member state – and nearly three times the average per
member, according to the European Commission.

READ ALSO: Why thousands of trees in Spain’s capital are at risk of dying