“The 116 sub-Saharan migrants who entered Spain via the Ceuta border illegally yesterday (Wednesday) have been sent back to Morocco,” the Ceuta prefecture said in a statement.
The migrants made it into Ceuta after storming a barbed-wire border fence with Morocco and attacking police.
The Walking Borders humanitarian group described the return of the migrants as a “huge violation of human rights by the Spanish government”.
However the Spanish interior ministry defended the “legality” of the expulsion.
“Once Morocco indicated it would accept these people…. the national police went to look for them at the holding centre for foreigners and transferred them to the police station…. All of them had a lawyer, an interpreter and medical aid,” a ministry spokesperson said.
“All were told of the possibility of applying for asylum but they didn't do it,” the spokesperson added, also saying that two minors in the group remained in Spain.
Spanish territories Ceuta and Melilla have the European Union's only land borders with Africa, drawing migrants trying to reach the bloc.
Every year sub-Saharan African migrants living illegally in Morocco try to enter Europe either by climbing over border fences or swimming along the coastline.
Some 3,100 migrants have entered Ceuta and Melilla by land since the start of the year, according to the International Organization for Migration.
And over 25,000 others have arrived in Spain by sea, making it the main entry point for migrants arriving in Europe, after Italy and Greece.