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GAY RIGHTS

Gay-friendly Madrid gears up for WorldPride LGBT celebrations

Some two million revellers are expected in Madrid starting on Friday as the Spanish capital hosts WorldPride 2017, one of the biggest celebrations of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights.

Gay-friendly Madrid gears up for WorldPride LGBT celebrations
Previous gay pride celebrations in Madrid, with one reveller holding a sign reading: "I protest for those who cannot". Photo: AFP

Forty years after Spain's gay community started to march for its rights in Barcelona, Madrid is about to celebrate its openness to all people “regardless of where they come from, who they are, or who they love”, city representative Berta Cao said.

But Spain wasn't always so welcoming of homosexuals.

During the nearly 40-year reign of dictator Francisco Franco – whose rule was blessed by the church in heavily Roman Catholic Spain – homosexual acts were illegal and thousands of gays were shipped off to rehabilitation centres, or even jailed.

Spain emerged from under Franco's conservatism in the late 1970s into an exuberant era of liberal reforms and social freedom, thanks in part to the struggles of residents in the Chueca district of Madrid, where the director Pedro Almodovar shot his first films, breaking ground with openly gay and trans characters.

Since then, Spain has become a world leader in gay rights, a trend that accelerated when former Socialist prime minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero came to power in 2004.

“We are better protected, we have practically achieved legal equality,” said Jesus Generelo, president of Spain's National Federation of Lesbians, Gays, Transsexuals and Bisexuals (FELGBT).

“Today, we are better prepared to obtain social – genuine – equality.”

'Speak up for gay Russians'

In July 2005, the country became the third EU member, after the Netherlands and Belgium, to allow same-sex marriages with a new law that also legalized adoptions by gays and lesbians.

More than 35,000 same-sex marriages were recorded in Spain between 2005 and 2015.

In 2007, another law came into effect allowing transsexuals to change their name and official gender without having sex-change operations.

“We've never held a WorldPride festival that had as much institutional support,” Juan Carlos Alonso, the event's coordinator, said.

Madrid wants this year's pride march to be remembered as the biggest ever, and has dedicated it to victims of discrimination in countries where gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender people live in fear of punishment or even death.

SEE ALSO: Your ultimate guide to Madrid's WorldPride celebrations

The organizers have singled out Chechnya, where reports emerged in March that authorities in the conservative majority Muslim Russian republic were imprisoning and torturing gay men.

“Speak up for all those in Russia who cannot speak for themselves,” WorldPride organizers say on flyers.

Gay pride marches in the country are illegal, so WorldPride has asked its followers on Instagram to upload pictures of the parade but to geotag it to Moscow's Red Square.

Though the main event may be the July 1st parade down the Paseo del Prado, one of Madrid's broad central avenues, an international human rights conference with nearly 180 participants is also planned.

Former Iceland prime minister Johanna Sigurdardottir, described as the “first lesbian public official”, is expected to attend, as is Salvadoran LGBT activist Bianka Rodriguez, who wants to highlight the plight of trans women in Latin America.

“Since the beginning of the year, more than 300 trans women have been assassinated in Central America,” Rodriguez said.

'Drag race'

A special session on people living with HIV and AIDS is also on the agenda with activists from Uganda, Armenia and Chile in attendance. 

But while Madrid is known as one of the most gay-friendly capitals in the world, the country has not escaped discrimination.

From 2015 to 2016, Spain recorded a 36 percent rise in “hate crimes” tied to sexual orientation or gender identity.

Madrid has hosted a yearly pride march for decades, but this will be the city's first WorldPride festival. It was held in London in 2012 and Toronto in 2014; New York will be the host in 2019.

The agenda is jam-packed with open-air concerts and other events, including a play on the romantic relationship between Spanish poet and playwright Federico Garcia Lorca and his last partner, before Lorca was executed in 1936.

The annual “drag race” through Chueca with men in high heels, wigs and figure-hugging dresses is another must, as well as the Mr Gay World competition.

By Leticia Farine, Laurence Boutreux

GAY PRIDE

In pics: 400,000 march through Madrid for Gay Pride

Four hundred thousand people turned out on the streets of Madrid Saturday for a Gay Pride parade dedicated this year to pioneers of the LGBT+ cause, amid growing fears of fresh repression with the rise of the far-right in Europe.

In pics: 400,000 march through Madrid for Gay Pride

The marchers converged on the Spanish capital's main Atocha train station for the start of the festivities. The 400,000 figure was later given by police.

The slogan for this year's march was “History, struggle and memory” and participants marked 50 years since the Stonewall riots in New York in 1969 which were the foundation of the gay rights movement worldwide.

Catholic Spain at the time was controlled by dictator General Francisco Franco and homosexual acts were illegal. Thousands of gays were shipped off to rehabilitation centres or even jailed.

Homosexuality was decriminalised in 1978, three year's after Franco's death, since when Spain has become one of the most LGBT-tolerant countries in the world, authorising gay marriage and adoptions by gay couples in 2005.

“I'm 53 years old and I have suffered,” said Manuel Carmona, carrying a large rainbow flag for Saturday's march.

“But those who are 63-years-old suffered more and those who are 73-years-old even more and I want us to recognise these people who have helped us,” added Carmona who has been attending the pride march for 30 years.

Madrid's city hall swung to the right in June after a conservative candidate was elected mayor with the support of newly-emerged far-right party Vox, in a move that has caused concern in Spain.

Vox has said that the Madrid Gay Pride Parade should be moved to a park in the suburbs and opposes public subsidies for the event.

“They do not want to understand that when we talk about LGBT rights, we are talking about human rights,” said Spanish Interior Minister Fernando Grande-Marlaska, who is himself gay and took part in the march.

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