USA boosts its military presence at Spain base to avoid Benghazi repeat

A cooperation agreement between Washington and Madrid will fulfil the US need for a crisis-response force in reach of north African hotspots.

USA boosts its military presence at Spain base to avoid Benghazi repeat
Cristina Quicler / AFP

When armed militants stormed the American consulate in Benghazi in 2012, the United States couldn't get its crisis-response forces to Libya fast enough.

By the time troops were ready to mount a rescue, it was too late – Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other American personnel were dead.

Three years on, even as the fallout from the attack still clouds the American political scene, the Pentagon has moved to make sure such a disaster won't happen again.

Here on a flat, muddy-brown expanse of fields near Morón de la Frontera in southern Spain, about 60 kilometres (40 miles) southeast of Seville, the United States has struck a military cooperation deal with Madrid that allows for a permanent deployment of up to 2,200 US service members, mainly Marines and sailors.

Currently, about 800 US forces are deployed here, along with a fleet of MV-22B troop-carrying Osprey aircraft that can take off and land like helicopters, then tilt their rotors to fly like planes.

Though it is in Europe, the sprawling Marine Corps base answers to the US military's Africa command and concentrates on the other side of the Mediterranean.

“Right now, we are focused on those embassies that are positioned in the countries deemed most at risk for crisis,” Colonel Calvert Worth told AFP during a trip to the base this month.

“We have forces here that can operate out of Morón that can respond to western Africa, the Gulf of Guinea and northern Africa when called upon,” Worth added.

AFP visited Morón while accompanying US Defence Secretary Ashton Carter, who visited US troops and thanked his Spanish counterpart Pedro Morenes ahead of a NATO meeting called to assess emerging security threats along the 28-nation alliance's southern flank.

Alongside the US personnel, the Spanish military has hundreds of its own troops at the base as part of two Spanish air force squadrons, and troops from the two nations train together.

Too slow

Stevens was the first ambassador to be killed on duty since 1979 in the horrific attack on the Benghazi consulate on September 11th, 2012 when dozens of armed men stormed the building, bombarding it and torching it.

Officials have said the consulate was a sitting duck, with weak security and requests for extra staffing denied despite a rising Al-Qaeda threat.  

Pentagon officials tried to respond to an unfolding crisis but were hamstrung by distance. Then defense secretary Leon Panetta sent a surveillance drone but it took about 90 minutes to get there.

He also ordered troops from the United States and special operations forces in Europe to a NATO base in Sigonella in Sicily for a potential rescue. But by the time the units arrived in southern Italy, the consulate had already been torched and ransacked.

Republicans mauled Hillary Clinton, who was then secretary of state, blaming her for what they called a lack of security. She will testify Thursday before a House of Representatives panel investigating the attacks at the consulate and another Benghazi compound also hit that night.

Although critics accuse the panel of a witch hunt targeting Clinton, the issue likely will keep dogging Clinton as she seeks the Democratic presidential nomination. She is the frontrunner in the Democratic race.

Six hours to deploy

The Benghazi attack happened fast, catching the US off guard. Though there's no way troops could have deployed from Morón quickly enough to intervene, the idea now is that they will travel to hot spots and be within striking distance at the first sign of trouble.

Such prepositioning in bases like Sigonella and also in Africa including in Senegal, Ghana and Gabon means troops can pounce on an emerging crisis.    

Troops are on a constant state of readiness and can be in the air soon after an alarm sounds.

“Once we get a call from here, we can be wheels-up on our birds (Ospreys) within six hours,” said Sergeant David Bloxham, a Marine machine-gunner.

“We have a thousand-mile bubble that we can generally deploy to.”

The Special-Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force Crisis Response team, or MAGTF, has already deployed several times.

In July of last year, Marines flew from the sister base in Sigonella and provided air support while the US embassy in Tripoli was evacuated. In that event, the troops were not needed on the ground and remained airborne, but they could have landed at a moment's notice.

Carter also visited Sigonella, which houses a fleet of drones including armed Predators and Global Hawk surveillance craft.

By Thomas Watkins / AFP

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Spain drops probe into ex-military WhatsApp ‘kill squad’

Spanish prosecutors have dropped an investigation into messages posted in a WhatsApp group of retired military officers that denounced Spain's left-wing government and discussed shooting political adversaries.

Spain drops probe into ex-military WhatsApp 'kill squad'

The group was made up of high-ranking retired members of the air force with some of the messages leaked in December to the Infolibre news website, sparking public outrage.

The messages focused on the government of Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, whose Socialists rule alongside the hard-left Podemos in Spain’s first coalition government since the death of dictator Francisco Franco in 1975.

“I don’t want these scoundrels to lose the elections. No. I want them and all of their offspring to die,” wrote one.

“For them to die, they must be shot and 26 million bullets are needed,” wrote another, referring to the number of people who cast their ballots in favour.

Prosecutors opened their investigation in mid-December after finding the statements were “totally contrary to the constitutional order with veiled references to a military coup”.

But they dropped the probe after concluding the content of the chat did not constitute a hate crime by virtue of the fact it was a private communication.

“Its members ‘freely’ expressed their opinions to the others ‘being confident they were among friends’ without the desire to share the views elsewhere,” the Madrid prosecutors office said.

The remarks constituted “harsh” criticism that fell “within the framework of freedom of expression and opinion,” it said.

The decision is likely to inflame protests that erupted in mid-February over the jailing of a Spanish rapper for tweets found to be glorifying terrorism, a case that has raised concerns over freedom of speech in Spain.

According to Infolibre, some of the chat group also signed a letter by more than 70 former officers blaming the Sanchez government for the “breakdown of national unity” that was sent to Spain’s King Felipe VI in November.

Such remarks echo criticism voiced by Spain’s rightwing and far-right opposition that has denounced the government for courting separatist parties in order to push legislation through parliament where it only holds a minority.