Spain in stats: a portrait of a nation
George Mills · 15 Jan 2015, 17:10
Published: 15 Jan 2015 17:10 GMT+01:00
Statistics may not tell the whole story about a country, but they do provide a fascinating insight. For this article, The Local selected ten figures we believe help to explain Spain.
Immigrants and expats
There were 4.905.495 foreign residents officially registered in Spain as of June 2014, out of a total estimated population of 46.507.760 million. The number of foreigners in the country could, however, actually be higher as not everyone is registered at their local town hall. There were 311,774 registered Brits in Spain at the start of 2014 for example, but the real number of people from the UK living in Spain either for the whole year, or part of the year, is likely to be much higher.
The largest groups of foreigners are Romanians and Moroccans, with the Brits in third place.
Spain is definitely one of Europe's safer countries and crime rates in general are on the wane, despite increasing poverty because of the crisis.
The country's murder rate in 2013 was 0.6 per 100,000 people, one of the lowest in western Europe. There were 302 murders in the country that year, down from 364 a year earlier.
The crime rate per 100,000 people was 46.1, down from 48.0 in 2012 Police received 54,734 complaints related to sexual violence while 86,034 violent robberies were recorded, down 10.94 percent on 2012, according to Spain’s interior ministry
Spain's health system continues to be world-renowned and its organ donor system is generally held up to be the best in the world.
Cancer survival rates mirror this trend with the five-year survival after diagnosis for all major types of tumour on the rise, according to a study published in The Lancet. Particularly strong improvements were seen for prostate cancer where the survival rate rose 73.7 percent from 1995 to 1999 tp 87.1 percent for 2005 to 2009.
For breast cancer, the survival rate rose from 77.8 percent to 83.7 percent in the periods in question.
A total of 54.1 percent of women in Spain aged over 20 to 64 are working, compared to 64.5 percent of men, 2012 figures from Spain’s national statistics institute show.
The biggest divide is in the 55 to 64 age group where 52.4 percent of men are working and 36 percent of women are in employment.
Meanwhile 139 of Spain’s 350 MPs are women, or 39.7 percent. In the country senate, the figure is 33.5 percent.
Falling fertility rates
Spain’s fertility rate in 2012 was 1.32, a long way down from 2.20 notched up in 1980 but up from the 2000 figure of 1.23. Spain's first-time mums are also Europe's oldest with women putting off having their first baby until they are 32.
While this trend towards having fewer babies is in line with European trends, there have been concerns raised about Spain's ageing population with representatives from the United Nations Children’s Fund warning Spain’s ageing population could cause serious social and economic problems that could damage the pensions and healthcare systems.
Youth hardest hit by unemployment
At 23.7 percent Spain's unemployment is one of the highest in Europe and consistently rates as one of Spanish citizens' chief preoccupations in the monthly polls carried out by the government research body CIS.
While the figure has dropped from the 25.65 percent of mid-2014 it remains a serious problem, and for people under 25, the jobless rate is 52 percent. On top of that, there are 1.79 million families with all working-age members unemployed.
The economic crisis has hit Spanish workers harder than their counterparts in most other countries. Average salaries have fallen by an average of 2 per cent a year since 2007, more than anywhere else in Europe except Greece.