Spain one of Europe’s terror hotspots: Report

Spain is one of the EU's terrorism hubs, with only France and the UK more at risk of terror attacks, a Europol report published on Wednesday reveals.

Spain one of Europe's terror hotspots: Report
Juan Ibon Fernandez Iradi, aka "Susper" (C), a former leader of the Basque separatist group ETA, prior to his court hearing in Pau, southwestern France. Photo: Thierry Suire/AFP

There were 33 terrorist attacks and 90 arrests for terror-related activities in Spain in 2013.

Only France with 63 attacks and 225 arrests, and the UK — which saw 35 attacks and 77 arrests — were more dangerous for terrorism.

These are the findings of a new Interpol report into terrorism activities in the European Union in 2013, a year which saw seven deaths in the EU from terror attacks.

The report by the cross-European police agency reveals six of the 33 attacks in Spain were carried out by left-wing groups, and 26 were separatist attacks.

A map showing the number of attacks and the number of arrests for terrorist offences in each country. Image: Interpol

Spain's attacks included the placement of a homemade bomb in Madrid's Almudena Cathedral in Madrid, which did not explode. In October, a similar device was left in the Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar in Zaragoza, but this device didn't detonate either. 

Another incident saw a parcel bomb was sent to the director of a Catholic school in Madrid.

Among the people arrested on terror charges in 2013 in Spain were members of the Basque separatist group Eta, blamed for more than 800 deaths in a four-decade campaign of bombings and shootings for an independent homeland in northern Spain and southwestern France.

Also arrested six members of the Kurdish separatist group the PKK, and several members of the Turkish communist terrorist movement, the DHKP/C.

In addition, nine men were also arrested in Spain's North African enclave of Ceuta (Spain), suspected of belonging to a terror which sent volunteers to Syria, to fight  alongside groups including Jabhat al-Nusra (‘support front’)  and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). 

The network appears to have had international links to Morocco, Belgium, Turkey and Syria, and to have successfully sent at  least 12 young Spanish and Moroccan men to Syria, a number  of whom died there in suicide attacks or combat.

"There is a growing threat from EU citizens who, having travelled to conflict zones to engage in terrorist activities, return to the European Union with a willingness to commit acts of terrorism," says Rob Wainwright, Director of Europol. 

"This was especially evident in the case of Syria in 2013.

"This phenomenon adds a new dimension to the existing threat situation in the European Union, since it provides new groups within Member States with both terrorist intentions and capabilities, which may result in terrorist attacks with unexpected targets and timings,” Wainwright added.

Europol’s report, released on Wednesday, revealed the “continuing terrorist threat posed to the security of citizens and interests of the European Union”.

"Be it right or left-wing extremism, separatism or religiously motivated acts, we need to step up our work to respond to the threat of radicalisation.

“Radicalization leading to violent terrorism is a gradual process and does not happen overnight. In times when populist movements and xenophobic winds are sweeping across Europe, it is more important than ever to keep this in mind." says Commissioner Cecilia Malmström.

In 2013, Spain was also the EU country in which the highest number of court proceedings for terrorist offences were  concluded.  Despite a slight dip in numbers, Spain also remains the country in which the majority of terrorism verdicts were rendered.

The average sentence handed out was 14 years.

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Spanish mother jailed for falsely accusing ex-husband of child abuse

A Spanish court has jailed a woman for five years for repeatedly filing false reports about her ex-husband sexually abusing their daughter.

Spanish mother jailed for falsely accusing ex-husband of child abuse

According to El Mundo daily, the sentence was unprecedented in Spain.

In a ruling handed down by a court in the southern city of Granada which was seen by AFP on Wednesday, the unnamed woman was convicted of filing false allegations, offences against moral integrity and abandonment of parental responsibility.

She was also ordered to pay €40,000 ($42,000) each to the child and her father for the harm caused by her unfounded allegations, which were aimed at securing sole custody of her daughter, now nine.

The court also took away the mother’s parental responsibility for 10 years on grounds she posed “a threat to (her daughter’s) development”, according to court documents dated Monday.

The woman had filed eight reports to the police and the courts over a two-year period, accusing her husband of abuse and on one occasion rape as they were in the throes of getting divorced.

She also took her daughter to be examined by doctors and psychologists on 10 separate occasions.

None of them ever found any evidence of the alleged abuse.

The ongoing gynaecological and psychological examinations had an impact on the child’s “psychological stability and her performance at school”, according to the court documents.

The aim was to “obtain the sole and exclusive custody” of their daughter.

The sentence, which can be appealed, described the mother as a person with a predisposition for “lying” who displayed “shameless cynicism” and “cunning malice with obsessive overtones”.

The couple married in 2010 and had a daughter in 2012. But they split up in 2017 and the problems began a year later when the father, an English teacher, requested joint custody.

After his ex-wife began filing the false allegations against him, he lost most of his students along with his “emotion stability, peace of mind and sense of calm”, the court found.

“It’s like being buried alive,” he told El Mundo.

“It’s trying to kill someone without laying a finger on them… accusing them of the vilest, worst thing that a human being can do: harming your own daughter.”