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MUSIC

Artists make noise to protest funding cuts

Drummers, singers, dancers, actors and other artists swarmed the streets of Madrid on Sunday to stage outdoor performances to protest against declining state support in Spain for the arts.

Artists make noise to protest funding cuts
Drummers play in Madrid during a staging of outdoor performances to protest against the decline in state support for the arts in Spain. Photo: Javier Soriano/AFP

The performers took to 25 stages set up across the historic centre of the Spanish capital to launch a "cry of alarm" over the situation of the arts, organizers said.

"We wanted to show that the world of culture has much more to offer than a simple march through the streets," Fernando Martin, the spokesman for the Collective for the Defence of Culture, told AFP.

It was the first event staged by the group, which represents over 100 cultural associations and was set up in October 2013 to "face up to the unsustainable situation" of Spain's cultural sector, which has suffered "spending cuts without pity," he added.

The highlight of the event was a rendition of the "Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves" from Giuseppe Verdi's Nabucco by a choir of up to 1,800 singers.

Spain's cultural institutions have been hit hard by the deep spending cuts imposed by Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's conservative government to rein in the public deficit.

Movie and theatre tickets sales have also been affected by a large hike in the value-added tax on tickets, to 21 percent from eight percent.

"Making a movie in our country is an authentic act of heroism," the president of the Spanish film academy, Enrique Gonzalez Macho, said last month.

Spanish movie theatre revenues dropped 16 percent in 2013 compared to the previous year due to the sales tax hike and Spain's economic downturn, according to the Spanish film academy.

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MUSIC

Meet the Spanish rapper bringing flamenco and bossa nova into hip-hop

Spanish rapper C. Tangana was taking a big risk when he started mixing old-fashioned influences like flamenco and bossa nova into his hip-hop -- but it's this eclectic sound that has turned him into a phenomenon on both sides of the Atlantic.

Meet the Spanish rapper bringing flamenco and bossa nova into hip-hop
Spanish rapper Anton Alvarez known as 'C. Tangana' poses in Madrid on April 29, 2021. Photo: Javier Soriano/AFP

The 30-year-old has emerged as one of the world’s biggest Spanish-language stars since his third album “El Madrileno” — the Madrilenian — came out in February. That ranks him alongside his superstar ex-girlfriend Rosalia, the Grammy-winning Catalan singer with whom he has co-written several hits.

C. Tangana, whose real name is Anton Alvarez Alfaro, has come a long way since a decade ago when he became known as a voice of disillusioned Spanish youth in the wake of the financial crisis.These days his rap is infused with everything from reggaeton and rumba to deeply traditional styles from Spain and Latin America, with a voice often digitised by autotune.

“It’s incredible that just when my music is at its most popular is exactly when I’m doing something a bit more complex, more experimental and less
trendy,” he told AFP in an interview.

And he is unashamed to be appealing to a wider audience than previously: his dream is now to make music “that a young person can enjoy in a club or someone older can enjoy at home while cooking”.

‘People are tired’

The rapper, who sports a severe semi-shaved haircut and a pencil moustache, has worked with Spanish flamenco greats including Nino De Elche, Antonio Carmona, Kiko Veneno, La Hungara and the Gipsy Kings.

In April he brought some of them together for a performance on NPR’s popular “Tiny Desk Concert” series, which has already drawn nearly six million
views on YouTube.

Shifting away from trap, one of rap’s most popular sub-genres, and venturing into a more traditional repertoire was a dangerous move — especially for someone with a young fanbase to whom rumba, bossa nova and bolero sound old-fashioned.

“I think people are tired. They’ve had enough of the predominant aesthetic values that have previously defined pop and urban music,” he said.

Parts of his latest album were recorded in Latin America with Cuban guitarist Eliades Ochoa of Buena Vista Social Club, Uruguayan
singer-songwriter Jorge Drexler, Mexican folk artist Ed Maverick and Brazil’s Toquinho, one of the bossa nova greats.

“What struck me most everywhere I went was the sense of tradition and the way people experienced the most popular music, and I don’t mean pop,” he said.

A new direction

C. Tangana started out in 2006 rapping under the name Crema. When the global economic crisis swept Spain a few years later, hard-hitting trap was
the perfect way to voice the angst of his generation. But after more than a decade of rapping, things changed.

“When I was heading for my 30s, I hit this crisis, I was a bit fed up with what I was doing… and decided to give voice to all these influences that I
never dared express as a rapper,” he said.

The shift began in 2018 with “Un veneno” (“A poison”) which came out a year after his big hit “Mala mujer” (“Bad woman”).

And there was a return to the sounds of his childhood when he used to listen to Spanish folk songs at home, raised by a mother who worked in
education and a journalist father who liked to play the guitar. The Latin American influences came later.

“It started when I was a teenager with reggaeton and with bachata which were played in the first clubs I went to, which were mostly Latin,” he said.

Studying philosophy at the time, he wrote his first raps between stints working in call centres or fast-food restaurants.

As to what comes next, he doesn’t know. But one thing he hopes to do is collaborate with Natalia Lafourcade, a Mexican singer who dabbles in folk, rock and pop — another jack of all musical trades.

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