According to a tweet by Madrid's air traffic controllers, a hydraulic problem is thought to be at the root of the problem.
Spanish news agency EFE have quoted airport sources as saying that a punctured tyre during take-off was the primary cause of the emergency landing.
En el despegue ha estallado creemos que la rueda del lado derecho. Desde dentro se veía esto en el ala pic.twitter.com/ZUaUiXjEMy— Ana Arias (@ariasanna) December 5, 2013
Upon return to Barajas, "one of the landing gears wasn’t working properly, which caused a small fire that was quickly put out by firemen," EFE added.
Although the Delta aircraft skidded off the landing strip, none of the passengers on board were hurt.
Barajas Airport is experiencing some delays while airport staff inspect the landing strip for plane debris.