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MANUFACTURING

Manufacturing giant files for bankruptcy

Loss-making Spanish electrical appliance maker Fagor, which employs 5,700 people worldwide, said on Wednesday it had filed for bankruptcy, one of a growing number of firms to shut their doors because of financial failure.

Manufacturing giant files for bankruptcy
Employees of the FagorBrandt factory in Vendome, France, after announcement of the bankruptcy of the French subsidiary of the Spanish firm Fagor on November 6th. Photo: Jean-Francois Monier

Fagor, a manufacturer of washing machines, refrigerators and other appliances, had failed to reach a deal with creditors on its debt and was abandoned to its fate by its own parent group, Mondragon.

"As of today, Fagor Electrodomesticos Coop. and its subsidiary Fagor Ireland have filed for bankruptcy protection from their creditors in the Commercial Court of San Sebastian," the company said in a statement.

This makes Fagor the latest victim of a rising flood of bankruptcies in Spain.

Some 1,907 Spanish firms filed for bankruptcy in the third quarter of 2013, preliminary figures from Spain's statistics institute, the INE show. That's a year-on-year rise of 10.9 percent . 

But while 27 percent of the firms facing closure were in Spain's crisis-hit banking sector, Fagor claims to be the fifth-biggest appliance manufacturer in Europe.

The company added its other subsidiaries would follow suit and also file for bankruptcy in the next few days.

Fagor operates with 10 brands, including Brandt and De Dietrich, in 130 countries worldwide and has 13 factories in Spain, France, Poland, Morocco and China.

The company announced on October 16 that it had launched initial proceedings towards bankruptcy protection while it tried to refinance its debt pile of €800 million ($1.1 billion).

Its parent group Mondragon, a Basque workers' co-operative founded in 1956 by a Catholic priest, announced October 30 it was refusing to pour in money to rescue the firm.

Mondragon said that even if it were to stump up the cash it did not believe that would guarantee Fagor's future.

Creditors refused to agree to reschedule its debts.

And the Basque government said there was nothing it could do if Mondragon did not believe refinancing Fagor would save it.

The prospect of Fagor's closure brought thousands of Fagor workers and their supporters out into the streets in protest last month.

Fagor posted sales of €1.17 billion euros in 2012, a drop of over one-third since 2007, the year before Spain's sharp economic downturn began with the collapse of a decade-long property bubble.

It lost €60 million during the first half of the year and its sales dropped 19 percent over the same time last year to €491 million.

Fagor's Polish subsidiary, Fagor Mastercook, which employs 1,400 people at its factory in Wroclaw, southwestern Poland, and Fagor's French subsidiary, FagorBrandt, which employs 1,800 people, have already filed for bankruptcy protection.

The Fagor bankruptcy filing is a major blow to Mondragon, which is often hailed as a successful alternative model to traditional corporate enterprises.

Mondragon — which is based in a small Basque town of the same name — was founded by a local priest, Jose Maria Arizmendiarrieta, as a small workers' cooperative and is now an international conglomerate with a mission of maintaining jobs.

Its various branches, present in 20 countries, include industry, distribution and finance.

Mondragon's foreign sales reached nearly €4 billion in 2011, accounting for two thirds of the corporation's industrial division, which produces consumer electronics, car parts, machinery, sports gear and more.

Despite its international presence, Mondragon's cooperative structure has kept most of its jobs and production at home, with 35,000 employees in the Spanish Basque Country, 35,000 elsewhere in Spain and about 13,500 abroad.

Most of its workers are partners in the firm, voting to elect the bosses and make sensitive decisions.

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BANKRUPTCY

Breaking: Banco Madrid files for bankruptcy

Banco Madrid is to enter insolvency proceedings, announced administrators on Monday, just days after the striken bank was taken over by Banco de EspaƱa.

Breaking: Banco Madrid files for bankruptcy
Photo: Gerard Julien/AFP

Banco Madrid will enter insolvency proceedings and suspend all activity, after significant deposit withdrawals, the country's central bank announced in a statement on Monday. 

The news came days after the entire board of Banco Madrid resigned and handed management over to the Bank of Spain on Thursday, March 12th. 

The change of management came after the central bank launched an investigation into accounts at the lender for suspected money laundering activities. 

This came about after legal action was taken by US law enforcement authorites on Tuesday against the parent company of Banco Madrid, Banca Privada de Andorra (BPA). 

"This decision comes in response to the sharp deterioration of Banco Madrid's financial situation as a consequence of the important withdrawals from client funds after the latest events which have affected its capacity to meet its obligations," Banco de España said in a statement, released on Monday morning. 

Deposits were protected by the Spanish deposit guarantee fund of up to €100,000 ($105,350) per client, the bank said.