According to a tweet by Madrid's air traffic controllers, a hydraulic problem is thought to be at the root of the problem.
Spanish news agency EFE have quoted airport sources as saying that a punctured tyre during take-off was the primary cause of the emergency landing.
En el despegue ha estallado creemos que la rueda del lado derecho. Desde dentro se veía esto en el ala pic.twitter.com/ZUaUiXjEMy— Ana Arias (@ariasanna) December 5, 2013
Upon return to Barajas, "one of the landing gears wasn’t working properly, which caused a small fire that was quickly put out by firemen," EFE added.
Although the Delta aircraft skidded off the landing strip, none of the passengers on board were hurt.
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Barajas Airport is experiencing some delays while airport staff inspect the landing strip for plane debris.