• Spain edition
 
Jesus' crucifixion was legal: Spanish study
File photo: Zyllan Fotografía

Jesus' crucifixion was legal: Spanish study

Published: 11 Nov 2013 17:21 GMT+01:00
Updated: 11 Nov 2013 17:21 GMT+01:00

The death of Jesus on the cross was not the end result of a thinly veiled legal farce, argues José María Ribas Alba, Professor in Roman Law at Spain’s Seville University in Spain's 20 minutos newspaper.

Instead, Jesus' court case ticked all the boxes for "what we know about the legal criteria of the time".

The law professor has spent 25 years raking over the details of the trial against Jesus and has just released a 300-page study on what he believes is "one of the most important events in history".

His conclusion? The trial was perfectly legal.

In fact, Ribas Alba claims there were two separate but interconnected trials against the historical figure Christians consider the son of God.

One of those involved the Jewish crime of blasphemy while the other related to the Roman crime of lèse majesté, or insulting a monarch or head of state.

But these weren't separate issues. Both were religio-political crimes.

"Religious and political thinking then mixed in a way that is very difficult for people to understand nowadays," says the Spanish legal expert.

To back up his claims about the legality of Jesus' trials, the Spanish professor has compared them with other contemporary legal proceedings.

His lengthy study includes profiles of key figures involved in the trial including the Roman Prefect Pontius Pilate and the Jewish High Priest Caiaphas, who is said to have orchestrated a plot to kill Jesus.

The second part of the study looks at why Jesus’ teachings caused anger among Jewish authorities.

Ribas Alba then examines the so-called Sanhedrin trial of Jesus which saw Jesus tried before a Jewish Council before being passed over to the Roman authorities.

In the final part of his study, the professor casts an eye over the powers of Pontius Pilate and looks at the connection between blasphemy and lèse majesté.

This is "one of the most important historical events in history" argues the professor, because it involves “a figure who had a decisive influence on world history”.

Jesus "helped configure our culture and the mentality of Western civilization," Ribas Alba concludes.  

The "criminal proceedings against him were legal". 

George Mills (george.mills@thelocal.com)

Your comments about this article

Today's headlines
Spain's thalidomide victims lose damages bid
Opponents to a memorial dedicated to the victims of thalidomide in Germany. File photo: Henning Kaiser/DPA/AFP

Spain's thalidomide victims lose damages bid

A Madrid court has overturned a 2013 sentence which would have seen German pharmaceutical company handing Grünenthal paying millions of euros in damages to Spanish victims of the faulty drug. READ  

Wild weather
Freak winter wave 'was Spain's biggest ever'
The wave which hit during wild winter storms nudged out the previous holder of Spain's biggest wave: a 26.13-metre giant near the city of Santander during 2009's dramatic Cyclone Klaus. File photo: Be

Freak winter wave 'was Spain's biggest ever'

A genuine 'freak' wave in January 2014 broke all existing Spanish records, officials said on Wednesday after the release of new data. READ  

The Local List
Top ten: things your Spanish 'mamá' says
You had better listen up. Photo of woman with wooden spoon: Shutterstock

Top ten: things your Spanish 'mamá' says

Spanish mothers are renowned for their close relationships with their children. But while they may come across as over-protective, they ultimately do it because they care. Here, The Local lists ten things she might say. READ  

Gay teens pelted with stones outside school
Participants at Madrid's Gay Pride event in June 2013. File photo: Dani Pozo/AFP

Gay teens pelted with stones outside school

Gay groups have called for tougher anti-homophobia laws in the wake of an incident which saw a gay teenage girl left unconscious after she was pelted with stones after leaving school in Spain's Murcia region on Monday. READ  

Summer love: Spain sees tourism record

Summer love: Spain sees tourism record

Spain welcomed a record 31 million international visitors this summer in what looks set to be another record-breaking year, the Spanish government said on Wednesday. READ  

Spain's legal system only fit for 'chicken thieves'
Supreme Court Chief Justice Carlos Lesmes (second left) with King Felipe VI at the opening of the judicial year earlier in October. Photo: AFP

Spain's legal system only fit for 'chicken thieves'

Spain's top judge said on Tuesday the penal country's system isn't up to dealing with the complex corruption cases it faces and urged the new justice minister to roll out radical reforms aimed at greater efficiency. READ  

One in eight working Spaniards live in poverty
Photo of busy waiters: Shutterstock

One in eight working Spaniards live in poverty

While Spain struggles with a jobless rate of close to 25 percent, many of the country's salaried employees are living below the poverty threshold, a new study shows. READ  

Two Uber vehicles torched in Barcelona

Two Uber vehicles torched in Barcelona

Two cars belonging to drivers working for the app-based chauffeur service Uber saw their vehicles torched recently, the latest incidents in the company's difficult arrival on the Spanish market. READ  

Spanish nurse with Ebola beats virus
Spanish medics treating Ebola-infected Spanish nursing assistant Teresa Romero give a press conference at Madrid's Carlos III Hospital on Tuesday. Photo: Gerard Julien/AFP

Spanish nurse with Ebola beats virus

Updated: A Spanish nurse who was the first person to catch Ebola outside Africa is now free of the deadly virus, doctors confirmed on Tuesday, easing fears of it spreading in Europe. READ  

Spain can't use force to stop migrants: EU
Screen grab of a video showing how a man the human rights group Prodein has named as Danny, a Cameroonian believed to be 23 years old, was beaten by security forces with truncheon recently. Screen gra

Spain can't use force to stop migrants: EU

The EU has warned Spain it can not use violence to stop migrants from trying to enter the country after video footage emerged of a young African being beaten by Spanish border guards recently. READ  

RECEIVE OUR NEWSLETTER AND ALERTS
National
Flash floods: woman dies in Canary Islands
Health
Cured: Spanish nurse with Ebola beats virus
International
Mango apologizes for 'Nazi blouse'
National
Where's the best place to live in Spain?
Travel
Top ten: great autumn getaways in Spain
National
The great Spanish cities quiz: take it now
National
Revealed: the cost of expat food in Spain
Politics
Catalan leader calls independence vote 'lite'
What's On
Games of Thrones star 'barred' from Seville film set
Health
Spanish nurse contracts Ebola in Madrid
National
Madrid starts fining users of Uber 'taxi' app
Education
Only one Spanish university makes world's top 200
What's On
What's on in Spain: October 2014
Politics
Spanish court suspends Catalan independence vote
National
Catalonia defies Madrid and calls independence vote
National
Spanish village swaps bulls for giant balls
Society
Spain scraps plans for tough new abortion law
National
Spain's royal 'bad boy' to be sent to UK school
National
'This is a great time for entrepreneurs in Spain'
National
Loud porn movie scares locals into calling cops
National
'We'll axe Catalan autonomy but won't send in tanks'
National
Spain's Thatcher square defaced by 'Brits'
National
Top 10: best Spanish movies of all time
National
Gravedigger suspended for corpse photo gaffe
Society
Named: the best city to live in Spain
National
Catalonia's 'Diada': 5 things you need to know
Travel
Top ten amazing activities in Tenerife
National
Spain opens door to ban on burqas
Travel
Top ten: best bike rides in Spain
Travel
Spain to reopen 'world's most dangerous walk': The Camino del Rey
National
'Catalonia could be the shock Spain needs'
National
Office slang: Top ten Spanish expressions
Sport
Think you know Spanish football? Try these amazing facts
International
Australia set to welcome young Spanish workers
Opinion
Is tourism destroying Barcelona?
Society
Fashion fail: Zara pulls plug on 'Holocaust shirt' for kids
National
Man hurt as friend swaps ice bucket for plane
Spain 'would block independent Scotland from joining EU'
Politics
Spain 'would block independent Scotland from joining EU'
International
Spanish police mistake Morocco's king for people smuggler
What's On
What's on in Spain: September
Society
Miss Spain comes out of closet on Instagram
Travel
Top ten: Spain's best natural swimming pools
Property
'Dying' town flogs off land for €200 to woo new blood
Latest news from The Local in Austria

More news from Austria at thelocal.at

Latest news from The Local in Switzerland

More news from Switzerland at thelocal.ch

Latest news from The Local in Germany

More news from Germany at thelocal.de

Latest news from The Local in Denmark

More news from Denmark at thelocal.dk

Latest news from The Local in France

More news from France at thelocal.fr

Latest news from The Local in Italy

More news from Italy at thelocal.it

Latest news from The Local in Norway

More news from Norway at thelocal.no

Latest news from The Local in Sweden

More news from Sweden at thelocal.se

1,748
jobs available