• Spain's news in English
 
app_header_v3

Jesus' crucifixion was legal: Spanish study

George Mills · 11 Nov 2013, 17:21

Published: 11 Nov 2013 17:21 GMT+01:00

The death of Jesus on the cross was not the end result of a thinly veiled legal farce, argues José María Ribas Alba, Professor in Roman Law at Spain’s Seville University in Spain's 20 minutos newspaper.

Instead, Jesus' court case ticked all the boxes for "what we know about the legal criteria of the time".

The law professor has spent 25 years raking over the details of the trial against Jesus and has just released a 300-page study on what he believes is "one of the most important events in history".

His conclusion? The trial was perfectly legal.

In fact, Ribas Alba claims there were two separate but interconnected trials against the historical figure Christians consider the son of God.

One of those involved the Jewish crime of blasphemy while the other related to the Roman crime of lèse majesté, or insulting a monarch or head of state.

But these weren't separate issues. Both were religio-political crimes.

"Religious and political thinking then mixed in a way that is very difficult for people to understand nowadays," says the Spanish legal expert.

To back up his claims about the legality of Jesus' trials, the Spanish professor has compared them with other contemporary legal proceedings.

His lengthy study includes profiles of key figures involved in the trial including the Roman Prefect Pontius Pilate and the Jewish High Priest Caiaphas, who is said to have orchestrated a plot to kill Jesus.

The second part of the study looks at why Jesus’ teachings caused anger among Jewish authorities.

Ribas Alba then examines the so-called Sanhedrin trial of Jesus which saw Jesus tried before a Jewish Council before being passed over to the Roman authorities.

Story continues below…

In the final part of his study, the professor casts an eye over the powers of Pontius Pilate and looks at the connection between blasphemy and lèse majesté.

This is "one of the most important historical events in history" argues the professor, because it involves “a figure who had a decisive influence on world history”.

Jesus "helped configure our culture and the mentality of Western civilization," Ribas Alba concludes.  

The "criminal proceedings against him were legal". 

George Mills (george.mills@thelocal.com)

Your comments about this article

Today's headlines
Drunk Brits booted off Ryanair Liverpool flight to Alicante
The pilot diverted to Limoges to kick off two drunk men. File photo: Philippe Hugen / AFP

A flight from Liverpool to Alicante was forced to land in France on Thursday after two drunken British nationals began fighting on board.

Why Spain is heading for a Groundhog day election
Bill Murray in the 1993 film Groundhog Day relived the same scenario over and over. Screenshot from film.

How did the nation fall into such a state of political limbo and will a new vote help end it?

Junk food 'not so bad' when eaten with Mediterranean diet
A new study isn't entirely bad news for burger lovers. Photo: rob_rob2001/Flickr

New research shows that eating fatty, sugary food has no impact on the likelihood of heart attacks if eaten alongside a healthy Mediterranean diet.

Spain sees unemployment rise in first quarter of 2016
People line up outside a job center. Photo: AFP

Unemployment is rising again in Spain with more people seeking work than at the end of 2015.

Outcry over job ad seeking waitress with 'nice breasts'
Archive photo of a female bar tender. Photo: Frank Perry/AFP.

Shock over an online job ad posting searching for a waitress with "nice breasts" has grown into a full-blown police investigation.

'Hugely important' haul of Roman coins found in Spain
Stock photo of Roman coins. Photo: Helen Hall/Flickr

Over 600kg of bronze coins were unearthed during building work in Seville.

Spanish scientists create human sperm from skin cells
The breakthrough could develop infertility treatment. Stock photo: Frank De Kleine / Flickr

The pioneering breakthrough could lead to a treatment for infertility.

Spanish police smash designer drug rings
Photo: Guardia Civil / Interior Ministry

The network manufactured designer drugs with names like Black Mamba, Twilight and Sexy Monkey.

Man killed by charging buffalo at Spanish safari park
It's not yet clear what kind of buffalo killed the man. Stock photo of a buffalo: Allison Mickel/Wikimedia Commons.

The man was gored to death at a safari park on the Costa Blanca.

Rafa Nadal chosen to carry Spanish flag at Rio Olympics
Nadal after winning a gold in the Beijing Olympics, 2008. Photo: AFP

The tennis champ was prevented from being the flag bearer at last Olympics because of a knee injury.

Sponsored Article
How to launch your international career
Travel
Discover Spain's breathtaking national parks
Sponsored Article
What's the best way for expats to transfer money abroad?
National
Spain's stunning locations for Game of Thrones Season Six
National
Couple caught on camera having sex on metro platform
National
Ten delicious Spanish dishes you must try before you die
National
Forget tampons and use sea sponges, says Catalan town
Culture
Nine reasons why Cervantes is better than Shakespeare
International
Two thirds of Spaniards want Britain to remain in EU
National
Seven great ways to celebrate 400 years of Cervantes
National
Report raises fears of Isis terror plot on Costa del Sol
National
Five bonkers ways Spain is commemorating Cervantes
National
Bad owners to sweep streets in Madrid's war on dog poo
Culture
Ten weird things that shock Spaniards about the UK
Features
Debunking the myth: How true are Spanish stereotypes?
International
Bienvenidos a Blighty: Spanish workers flock to UK
National
Spaniards design mattress to catch out love cheats
National
Spanish town fined for staging bizarre 'slippery swine' race
National
Fat man who crushed nativity donkey to death goes free
International
Consulate reveals weirdest requests from Brits abroad
Lifestyle
Recipe: How to make Spanish albóndigas in tomato sauce
National
First journalist punished over photos under Spain’s gag law
National
'Hug a Brit to stop Brexit' Europeans urged
National
Benidorm's Sticky Vicky, 72, retires from sexy magic show
National
What's on in Spain: April 2016
3,354
jobs available